Lifting Operations Risk Assessment

Risk Assessment for Lifting by Crane – Lifting operations risk assessment: While the information in hazard identification, risk assessment, and risk control measures are not exhaustive, the manual provides practical guidance for the safe operation of the crane, provided that the crane is used in accordance with the designers/manufacturer’s recommendation for which the crane is designed and manufactured.

lifting operations risk assessment
risk Assessment for Lifting by Crane – lifting operations risk assessment

Lifting operations risk assessment

Risk Assessment for Lifting by Crane:

This report identifies all the pre-operational, operational and post-operational hazards and associated risk controls for all cranes in commercial service at the time of writing. In addition, hazards associated with attachments are also included together with the recommended risk controls.

This section lists the potential hazards and risks control precautions that should be observed when operating or maintaining cranes.

The points raised here must be fully understood and observed to work safely. Read and understand the operation and maintenance manuals.

Further precautions may be necessary due to the attachments in use or the site conditions. The user should continually re-evaluate the site conditions as the working environment has a major influence on the risk associated with the use of Pick & Carry cranes.

lifting operations risk assessment
Risk Assessment for Lifting by Crane

Risk Assessment for Lifting by Crane

  1. Unintended movement of the crane due to clothing getting caught or tangled in control levers and mechanical parts.
    • When driving or operating the machine, do not wear clothing with dangling parts, which might catch on control levers or mechanical parts. Wear appropriate personal protective equipment as necessary.
  2. Unintended movement of the crane from operating wrong controls or errors in judgment.
    • Do not operate the crane when you are excessively fatigued or unwell.
    • Read the Operators Manual & Risk Assessment (“this manual”) thoroughly, familiarizing yourself with all controls before you start operating the crane.
    • Follow instructions and warnings in this manual and on plates and stickers mounted on the machine.
    • If there is something you do not understand, have it explained to you. If the manual is lost, or a warning label is illegible, replace it.
  3. Fire and emergency response.
    • Carry a fire extinguisher and first aid kit in the crane.
    • Learn how to use the fire extinguisher before an actual emergency situation arises.
  4. Fire from handling chemicals.
    • Do not smoke or use fire near fuel, oil, antifreeze, batteries or other chemicals, which could ignite.
    • Extinguish all fires and potential sources of ignition when handling these flammable materials.
    • Before refueling the crane, switch off the engine and check that there are no fires or potential sources of ignition nearby.
    • After refueling securely fasten all fuel and oil caps and wipe off any spillage.
    • Refuel and change the oil in a well-ventilated work area.
lifting operations risk assessment
Risk Assessment for Lifting by Crane

Risk assessment crane lifting operation

Risk Assessment for Lifting by Crane:

  1. Unfamiliarity with site conditions or scope of work
    • Plan for the crane operations as early as possible. Planning should involve inspection of the site, consultation with all persons involved in the work such as the principal contractor, crane hirer, energy suppliers, employer, dogman, spotter, site foreman and crane operator.
  2. Not observing instructions on warning labels could cause operation beyond the limitation of the crane.
    • Observe all instructions on the warning labels. Ensure that all warning labels are clean and legible. If the warning labels are damaged or illegible replace them.
  3. Collision with people or objects in the work area.
    • Before starting work, check the work area for the presence of roads, overhead powerlines, nearby structures, other cranes, aerial hazards and other obstructions.
    • Isolate the work area by using witches’ hats, temporary barriers or fencing.
    • People, vehicles, etc. should be prohibited from entering the isolated area.
    • Consult the principal contractor, site supervisor, the other crane operators and everyone involved with the work and prepare a safety plan for the job.
    • Always be aware of your surroundings and the hazards while you work.
lifting operations risk assessment
Risk Assessment for Lifting by Crane

Mobile crane risk assessment example

  1. Collision with other cranes and structures.
    • When operating a crane, consider hazards such as overhead powerlines, nearby structures, other cranes, high obstructions and other mobile equipment within the crane working area.
  2. During articulating or reversing
    • When you need to articulate or reverse in areas of restricted visibility, place a guide or use a spotter and follow their instructions.
  3. From dirty windows and mirrors
    • Keep the cab windows, mirrors, wipers and working lamps clean.
  4. From poor lighting.
    • When working in areas with poor lighting switch on the lights. If required use additional illumination (mobile lighting can be hired from equipment hire places).
  5. From adverse weather conditions.
    • When visibility is bad due to fog, snow, rain, or other adverse weather conditions stop work and do not start again until conditions have improved.
lifting operations risk assessment
Risk Assessment for Lifting by Crane

Safe work procedure for lifting operation using mobile crane

  • Collision with people or other vehicles when working on public roads
    • When working on public roads, position a guide and erect fences, witches hats, etc. Observe all the traffic rules and safety regulations and laws of the Country or State where the crane is being used.
  • Collision with objects and people working in the work area.
    • Discuss your requirements with the site supervisor. If you consider that the people and equipment in the area have to be removed before you operate the crane, discuss it with the site supervisor so the necessary arrangements can be made.
  • Electrocution from live overhead conductors. If you are working close to power cables you can also receive a shock even if the crane does not physically contact the cables.
    • Take the following precautions when working near power cables.
    • Contact the managing company in advance and arrange for electricity to be switched off (if possible), or arrange for cables to be fitted with protective devices.
    • Keep a safe distance between the machine and the power cables. Consult the electricity authorities on the location and voltage of cables on the site and the minimum isolation distance.
    • Use a spotter and follow their instructions.

Mobile crane lifting hazards in the workplace

  • Inadvertent operation of the cranes due to poor housekeeping.
    • Keep the area of the operator’s cabin and seat clean and tidy. Do not leave parts, tools or other objects in the area of the operator’s seat. These can cause unexpected accidents while you are working.
  • Stress and tiredness from poor sitting position and posture.
    • Adjust the operator’s seat so that you can sit comfortably with good posture, and all control levers are within easy reach without having to lean or strain your body. Check that you can reach the foot pedals comfortably with your back resting against the back of the seat.
  • Accidental operation of the cranes if operated by more than one operator. Passengers may collide with obstructions or be thrown off the machine, or they may cause a hazard by obstructing the operator’s field of view
    • Before and during work, nobody other than the operator should sit in the operator’s seat or climb onto the crane

Types of hazards in the workplace

  • Slips, trips, and falls when getting on or off the plant.
    • Take the following precautions when you get in and off the crane:
    • Check that all guards and covers on the machine are fastened correctly. Tighten any loose bolts or repair any damage.
    • Wipe off any mud, oil or snow on the steps before you start work.
    • Do not jump onto or off the machine.
    • Do not hold onto the seat, control box, control levers or anything other than the hand grips provided when you get on or off the machine.
    • Do not get on and off the machine while it is moving.
  • Dropping of load
    • Check safety devices. Pick & Carry cranes are fitted with various safety devices which should be checked before starting work.
  • Crane overload or tip over in adverse working configuration.
    • Check the operation of the crane computer / Load Moment Indicator (“LMI”) according to the pre-operational check procedure described in the Operators Manual (this manual should be kept in the crane cabin).
  • Failure of controls and/or mechanical parts of the crane.
    • Before operating the crane check the machine according to the pre-operational checking procedure detailed in this manual. Check the operation of the control levers while the crane is not carrying any load. Allow the crane to warm up before carrying a full load
  • Falling objects (during erecting and dismantling activities) could damage property and present a risk of injury to workers and members of the public.
    • Erect and maintain effective barricades around the mobile crane. Only allow persons who are directly involved Pick & Carry crane operations inside the area. Schedule the erecting and dismantling of the crane to occur when the movement of other persons and mobile plant at the workplace is at a minimum

What are the hazards in crane lifting?

What are the hazards in crane lifting?

The three most common hazards involving overhead cranes include electrical hazards, overloading, and materials falling/slipping from overhead hoists.

What is crane checklist?

The crane safety checklist covers: Verify visible damage, including cables, crane hooks, stabilizers. etc. Verification of the state of the machine, such as control, brakes, warning signs and more.

What is the operating radius of a crane?

The distance is measured from the center pin of the crane to the center of the load. Example: You need to lift a load of 15 tons (30,000 pounds) a distance of 25 feet.

Why is lifting equipment safety important?

Poor or no maintenance or machines may be used improperly through inexperience or lack of training. Parts of the equipment may fail and loads may drop. Before you start using any equipment you need to think about what risks may occur and how these can be managed.

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Heavy Duty equipment

The construction machines are those that allow performing different works in the field of land adaptation, so that later buildings, bridges or other types of works can be elevated in them. Likewise, they can also be responsible for the remodeling or dismantling of old buildings that are in poor condition.

Mining equipment

Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the land of a deposit. For this extraction to be done efficiently, we need machinery specialized in mining. These mining equipment have reinforced chassis and more powerful engines so that they can transport all the material.

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Vintage John Deere Tractors

Antique John Deere Tractors – vintage john deere tractors: Since there is no other way to find an old tractor than through a private seller, it is through national sales and tractor auctions where you can get what you are looking for and facilitate the search for parts and spare parts.

Antique John Deere Tractors
Antique John Deere Tractors

Vintage john deere tractors

Antique John Deere tractors are a reminder of our nation’s past — a now rustic, integral model of ingenuity and industrialism. Antique enthusiasts might seek them out both for “show” and for practicality, as these machines are still very usable in the current day. Regardless of your desire, a un-modified antique tractor is a great at-home project. Here are several pointers for finding the right deal on one, including the tips and tricks about what to look for — and look out for.

Antique John Deere Tractors
Antique John Deere TractorsAntique John Deere Tractors

Antique john deere tractor parts

Much like buying a classic car, an antique John Deere tractor is both an expense and an investment. They’re still usable pieces of farm equipment when in running order, and are worth far more when they run. This is why the people who seek them out either for collection or use go through lengths to ensure they work…even if they’ll do nothing more than sitting pretty as an ornament.

In planning to get an antique tractor up and running, be mindful that you’ll more than likely have to invest more money beyond the initial purchase of the tractor.

Antique John Deere Tractors
Antique John Deere Tractors

Antique tractors for sale

It will undoubtedly need new parts — specifically, original ones, as well as standard exterior work including a fresh paint job and decals. As stated before, an antique that’s in working condition is worth far more than one that isn’t, regardless of what it’s being used for.

Owners who seek antiques for stationary/decorative purposes are more concerned with aesthetics rather than inner workings and engine or drive train modifications.

Others who simply wish to show their antique off with fellow enthusiasts at shows and meets are concerned with both aesthetics and performance. Farmers who wish to use the antique as an actual working piece are more about restored internals and a solid, working build.

Antique John Deere Tractors
Antique John Deere Tractors

Antique tractor parts

Finding Antique Parts for John Deere Tractors. Parts are always a major consideration when considering a make or model of antique tractor. The older the tractor (or the more obscure or rare of the make or model), the more difficult it may be to find the parts necessary to get it fixed. This is why top name-brand antique tractors continue to be the most sought out; including but not limited to John Deere, Farmall, Minneapolis Moline, and McCormick.

There is some good news: it is possible to find parts these days that are still being machined by various shops across the country.

In some cases, these are your only hope, and the parts themselves might not be as painfully expensive as you might have imagined.

Antique John Deere Tractors
Antique John Deere Tractors

John Deere antique tractor values

Original antique parts are still widely available on the aftermarket. Due to the durability of the way things were made many years ago, these parts are still very much so reliable, after a little polishing up.

“Flipping” A Restored Antique Tractor

Similar to flipping a house (buying a “fixer-upper,” restoring it and selling it for a profit), the tactic of doing so for antique machinery is very much so alive and profitable for those who take the time and effort to do it right.

If you have mechanical or auto body experience or the proper metal shop tools, consider yourself to have an incredibly important skill that will give you the upper hand in restoring your antique. By doing so, it’s possible to make a profit that far exceeds the investment you put down to buy the raw antique.

Investors buy, sell and restore antiques every day by disassembling, cleaning, re-painting and re-assembling antiques for dramatic profits in re-sale. An antique tractor can be sold through numerous means, ranging from online classifieds through sites like CraigsList, local classified ads in the paper, and local auctions. It’s a great side job for a retiree or even an unemployed person who is looking to do what they love, and make some money in the process.

Buying and selling old tractors

Determining What a Fair Price Should Be: Thanks to the internet, it’s quick and easy to see what specifically makes and models of tractors are selling for, and have already sold for in the past months.

You can even check current listings to get the gist of what owners are pricing their antiques for. The roundabout price you’ll continually see will dictate the general market value of an antique tractor based on its condition and demand.

As always, certain models are considered rare if they had a lesser production number than others at their time of manufacture.

When you’ve found the antique you’re interested in, be mindful not only of the cost of the tractor but the cost and availability of the parts that might be needed to restore it, as well as the cost of delivering it to your home or office.

When purchased online, tractor sellers typically prefer local buyers for free pickup only. However, many if not most will provide or recommend delivery services via flatbed or standard trucking for an additional fee. Be sure you know what you’re getting into with the total cost of the purchase, which includes the shipping fee.

Classic farm machinery for sale

There’s one fact about antique tractors: there is no official definition for what one is. The word “antique” brings about different opinions to different kinds of people in regard to what age a tractor should start being considered an antique.

In terms of autos, anything 25 years old or older is considered an antique. Since tractors basically fall within the “automotive” category, some consider antique tractors to be 25 years old or older. Others see tractors from the 1970s-1980s being classified as “antique” as absurd.

However, antique tractor shows and clubs have their own rules and regulations. In fact, you’ll find most clubs standing by the “1960” rule — that is, any tractor manufactured in 1960 or earlier is considered an “antique.”

The “1960” rule is a common benchmark practiced amongst numerous antique tractor organizations across the United States and continues to be seen as the most accurate ‘rule of thumb’ to classify old agricultural machinery.

Old John Deere Tractors

How do I identify my John Deere tractor?

Stand behind your John Deere lawn tractor and look to the bottom left-hand corner near the left tire to locate the identification tag. This metal plate attached to the frame of the mower provides you with the tractor’s model and serial number. Tags may be located under the hood or along the front on older models.

How Old Is An Antique Tractor?

There’s one fact about antique tractors: there is no official definition for what one is. However, antique tractor shows and clubs have their own rules and regulations. In fact, you’ll find most clubs standing by the “1960” rule — that is, any tractor manufactured in 1960 or earlier is considered an “antique.” The “1960” rule is a common benchmark practiced amongst numerous antique tractor organizations across the United States and continues to be seen as the most accurate ‘rule of thumb’ to classify old agricultural machinery.

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Ancient Crane

The ancient cranes have been evolving from the load prop to perform various tasks. There are ancient documents where the use of machines similar to cranes by the Sumerians and Chaldeans is evidenced, transmitting this knowledge to the Egyptians.

What is a crane?

How Cranes Work: What is a crane? history, types of cranes, hydraulic crane, telescopic, hydraulic system, titan truck, hoists. Crane Driver.

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John Deere Self propelled Lawn Mower

John Deere Self propelled Lawn Mower: There are so many great ways to tame your lawn right now. There are mowers powered by gas engines that require no oil change; there are mowers, both ride and walk behind, powered by an electric motor and lithium-ion battery.

You may push a mower that you walk behind, or it may propel itself using a drive system at its rear wheels or pull itself from its front wheels—or both.

You may ride on a mower that has its engine in front of you or behind you, and you may steer this machine with a steering wheel or control it by two lap bars, each tied to an independently-operated transmission.

John Deere Self propelled Lawn Mower
John Deere Self propelled Lawn Mower

John Deere self propelled mower

John Deere Self propelled Lawn Mower: Pushing a lawnmower around is an old tradition that nobody follows anymore! Technology and improved engines have made it possible for lawnmowers to make their way across your lawn on their own; all that you have to do is steer them. John Deere has been a brand that has produced the best landscaping tools for many years.

John Deere Self propelled Lawn Mower
John Deere Self propelled Lawn Mower

John Deere self propelled push mower

Aside from your budget, there are a few things that determine the mower you buy: do you want gas or electricity, how much grass you have to cut and how you want to cut the grass.

John Deere self propelled push mower: Gas-Powered or Electric Mower?

One question today is whether you buy a gas engine mower or an electric mower. Answer: electric mowers are great for small, tidy yards. We’re talking under 5,000 square feet of grass and no mowing of non-lawn areas. For a larger grass area, especially one that may have a lot of leaves on it during the fall or other tree debris, like pine needles, buy a gas-engine mower. Especially buy a gas mower if you occasionally mow at the lawn’s edge, pushing back tall grass and weeds or if you mow rough, non-lawn areas.

John Deere Self propelled Lawn Mower
John Deere Self propelled Lawn Mower

Best self-propelled lawn mower

What is the best self-propelled lawnmower?

We have tested the best self-propelled lawn mowers on the market to provide you with all of the facts, helping you to decide which tool is perfect for you and your needs. The best brands the self-propelled lawn mower is:
-John Deere

What is a self-propelled lawnmower?

Self-Propelled Lawn Mowers – How Do They Work? Self-propelled lawn mowers work on a drive system (making them vehicle-like) that requires the operator to squeeze a bar (called a “bail”) on the handle to engage the mower. After that, the mower moves forward on its own (you don’t have to push it).

How does a self propelled lawn mower work?

The engine powers up the mower and the blade begins to rotate. The operator pulls on the drive control lever-typically the lower lever on the handle – to engage the drive wheel and propel the mower forward. The blades spin underneath the deck at a high speed causing them to cut the grass.

Self propelled lawn mower reviews

Self Propelled Lawn Mower Buyer’s Guide: Still stuck on what you should buy? Your choice of the best self-propelled lawn mower is an important decision to make, as you will likely use this machine for years to come.

A self-propelled lawn mower is not only easier to maneuver but it can come with many options. Here are the top considerations you need to make when you are shopping for the best walk behind mower for your needs.

John Deere Self propelled Lawn Mower
John Deere Self propelled Lawn Mower

How does self propelled lawn mower work?

How Do Self-Propelled Lawn Mowers Work? There isn’t a lot of mystery behind how self-propelled lawn mowers work – they operate in a relatively straightforward fashion. These mowers have a drive system just like cars do – once you start the motor, a device squeezes an internal handle and spurs it into motion. This also influences the cutting motion for the grass.

As the operator, all you will need to do is turn the lawnmower where you need it to go, controlling its direction and speed.

Self propelled lawn mower speed adjust

While several older self-propelled lawn mowers have just one speed, while others allow you to adjust for speed. Most allow for adjustments all the way up to 4 miles per hour. If you have a larger lawn, you might want more options for speed settings, while those with smaller lawns may find that a single-speed mower works just fine.

Lawn mower weight

Since you won’t necessarily have to push it, weight might not be as important a factor to you when you are buying your machine. However, keep in mind that some self-propelled lawn mowers can be on the heavier side.

Weight might be an important determining factor in your buying process – this is particularly true if you need to move your mower often (to get it in your vehicle to move it to another site, for example).

Lawn mower decibels

Lawn mower decibels: Consider how your self-propelled lawn mower operates. Is it gas-powered or battery-operated? Gas-powered self-propelled mowers are more popular, but they also tend to be louder. Therefore, if you are concerned about noise, you might want to spring for a quieter self-propelled lawn mower that uses a lithium-ion battery instead.

Lawn mower maintenance

Necessary Maintenance: Even if you don’t plan on tinkering with your self-propelled mower yourself, it’s important that you do your research ahead of time about how much maintenance the mower will require. Most self-propelled lawn mowers will require regular maintenance in the form of oil changes, cleaning, and more.

When you’re looking for the best self-propelled lawn mower, you might also want to consider the other features that come with your unit. Does it matter to you whether your mower can mulch or bag your grass clippings? If you’re planning on using your clippings as mulch or compost, this might be an important feature. Even if you simply want the clippings off your lawn so they don’t rot there, you might want to invest in a mower that has 3-in-1 capabilities to suit this need.

Lawn mower specifications

Some mowers come with additional safety features, too, like auto shut-off that power down the device if you let go of the handle. This is a good feature to have, as self-propelled mowers are responsible for quite a few emergency room visits each year. Others come with fuel shut-off in case of a fire.

What is the Best Self Propelled Lawn Mower? Of all the mowers we reviewed, nothing quite comes close to the John Deere Self propelled Lawn Mower. While most of these mowers have a smooth design and features to make operation more seamless, the John Deere Self propelled Lawn Mower is a cut above the rest. It is versatile and easy to handle and comes at an affordable price that makes owning it not only possible – but practical.

John Deere Self propelled Lawn Mower
John Deere Self propelled Lawn Mower

John deere push mower

It’s time to gut the grass again. You may roll your eyes, pretend to be busy, make whatever excuses you can think of, but it has to be done. One of the main reasons that people hate to cut the grass is because many of them are relying on old, hand-me-down mowers that just don’t cut it anymore, no pun intended.

Why not go out and buy a John Deere lawnmower? Sure, you know they make big tractors for farmers and ranchers, but did you also know they make lawnmowers for everyday homeowners such as yourself?

As John Deere’s motto goes, “Nothing runs like a Deere.” This motto is most certainly true and has been embraced by tractor enthusiasts the world over. In fact, John Deere owners have an almost club-like fanaticism about their machines. It’s when you look at what they have put into their riding mowers that you truly appreciate the quality of John Deere lawnmowers.

John Deere lawnmowers are truly the elite machines that you think they are. Some of them have engines in them that could be found on a motorcycle tearing down the highway! Regardless, they are all solidly-built and certain to last you for decades to come. Though they are a bit high-end in price, they are most certainly worth every penny. If you are serious about taking care of your lawn and garden, you must have a John Deere lawnmower

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Excavating Contractors

Well before a building or any structure is erected, excavating contractor is hard at work. But what is the role of an excavating contractor, exactly? Well, they perform a variety of tasks aimed at readying the ground before construction begins.

Garden Tractor Backhoe

The loaders and backhoes illustrated here are the perfect tools for the care and maintenance of your property and landscaping. Light and powerful, they are great for those hard to get at locations where a larger machine won’t fit and are able to travel over the lawn and landscaped areas with minimum ground compaction and surface damage.

Garden Tractor Backhoe

Lawn tractor backhoe – Garden Tractor Backhoe: The loaders and backhoes illustrated here are the perfect tools for the care and maintenance of your property and landscaping. Light and powerful, they are great for those hard to get at locations where a larger machine won’t fit and are able to travel over the lawn and landscaped areas with minimum ground compaction and surface damage.

Garden Tractor Backhoe
Lawn tractor backhoe

Garden tractor front end loader

My favorite implement for a garden tractor is the front end loader. To those not familiar with garden tractors, a front end loader may seem more like a toy rather than a tool. The truth is garden tractors are fantastic platforms for small front end loaders.

This combination makes for a very capable, compact and inexpensive machine to help you manage your property chores. With a properly set up front end loader, your garden tractor can dig, lift, and carry materials up to 800 pounds in weight and up to 6 feet high. This makes it the perfect tool for the rural property owner, orchard business, equine and livestock farms.

Use a fleet of Garden Tractor Loaders to manage horse manure, compost, dirt, snow, mulch, and more. Their small size makes it so I can navigate small gated areas and aisles in between outbuildings and other obstacles. The lightweight of my machines (Under 2,000 pounds) allows me to drive my loader tractor anywhere on the property without fear of damaging lawns or pathways.

Garden tractor front end loader
lawn tractor backhoe

Garden tractor front end loader kits

Front End Loader: Buy or Build

There were many manufacturers in the United States that made front end loaders for Garden Tractors from the 1950s through the 1990s. Some popular manufacturers were Johnson, Kwik Way, Danco, Ark among others.

You can still occasionally find these loaders on internet classifieds such as Craigslist and Facebook Marketplace.

The two most likely scenarios you will find are Loaders already attached to tractors, or loaders for a different garden tractor than you own. The options in these cases are to fabricate a custom way to attach the loader to your tractor. This process is not difficult but will require creativity and some fabrication skills.

Garden tractor front end loader kits
garden tractor backhoe

Garden Tractor

All garden tractors are capable of handling a front end loader. All true garden tractors have engines, front axles, transmissions, and frames that are capable of withstanding the workload from a front end loader. However, there are some characteristics that make some tractors better than others.

Garden tractor attachments

Wheel Spindle

All garden tractors will have at least a ¾” spindle with a wheel supported by 2 ball bearings. This is adequate for a front end loader, but if you want to utilize the full power of your loader you will want to upgrade to a stronger 1” wheel spindle with tapered bearings. You can make your own by using a trailer spindle, hub and bearings.

Garden tractor frame

While all of the frames of garden tractors are strong enough to hold a front end loader, some designs are easier to work with than others.

John Deere and Cub Cadet both provide a lot of flat, square surface area that you can weld and drill into to create many mounting positions and options for you. Tractors such as Wheel Horse use angle iron frames and are close together. This can make it more difficult to mount components to.

The Ford LGT and Bolens tractors have tube frames, which can make it slightly more challenging to find mounting locations for the front end loader subframe.

Garden tractor transmission

First, let’s classify garden tractor transmissions into 3 interface types.

  • Foot Controlled Hydrostatic
  • Hand Controlled Hydrostatic
  • Mechanical Gear

Foot-controlled hydrostatic transmissions can be found on Bolens Large Frame and Ford LGT tractors. These allow you to have both of your hands available to manipulate the loader control valve and the steering wheel while driving. This is particularly useful when doing a lot of back and forth driving like when turning manure piles or moving piles of material from one location to another.

Hydrostatic transmission

Hand controlled hydrostatic transmissions can be found in most garden tractors. This is useful so if you are using the loader and steering, you can slow down and stop your tractor without using your hands.

Other tractors do not have return to neutral pedals. To stop these tractors you have to use one of your hands to return to neutral.

Mechanical gear transmissions are found in Wheel Horse, John Deere, Simplicity, Allis Chalmers, Cub Cadets, Sears, and many others.

In order to change directions with these transmissions, you must depress a clutch with your foot and then manually shift to a gear. When you release the clutch your tractor will move. With these transmissions, you can shift the transmission, and then use both your hands to operate the loader and drive while your foot works the clutch.

Operator Station

I would recommend using a “Full Size” garden tractor from the 1970s or later. With these machines, you can mount the Front End Loader and have plenty of room to climb on and off the machine, and be able to sit comfortably even with large work boots and big coats on. The larger “Super Garden Tractors” provide even more space for the operator.

To get the most out of your garden tractor front end loader you will need to consider the following:

  • Wheel Ballast
  • Rear Counter Ballast
  • Hydraulic Relief
  • Tire Tread
  • Steering Technique
  • Loader Technique
Garden tractor attachments
garden tractor backhoe

Tractor ballast

Tractor wheel ballast

Garden tractors are powerful machines. After you have mounted a front end loader you have a powerful and versatile tool at your disposal. In order to utilize the most power, you need to increase your tractor’s traction. The best way to do this is to add weight directly to the rear tires. You can do this by adding external wheel weights, filling the tires with a liquid ballast, or both.

External wheel weights have been available in Cast Iron, as well as Concrete filled plastic wheel weights. They come in 50# and 75# versions. You can also fabricate a special mount to use Olympic gym free weights.

Liquid ballast for tractor tires

Liquid ballast can be added to the inside of your tires using a small electric pump, 5 Gallon Bucket and a special valve stem tool that connects a water hose to your valve stem. Common liquids to act as ballast are: water, calcium chloride, RV antifreeze, and specialty fluids such as rim guard.

Water is the easiest and most readily available liquid. However, it freezes in cold climates.

Calcium chloride tractor tire ballast

Calcium Chloride is the densest liquid ballast and therefore can add the most weight. A drawback to using this is if air contacts the inside of the wheel through a leak in the tire, rust will form and over time will destroy your wheel.

RV Antifreeze is what I prefer to use. It adds the same weight as water, will not freeze, and will not damage your wheels. Specialty Fluids such as Rim Guard are available through tractor dealers. These fluids don’t freeze and are dense enough to add significant weight to your wheel. The drawback to using this is the cost and availability.

Rear ballast weight for tractor

To get the most lift out of your front end loader, you need to balance the weight of the tractor. You should put additional weight behind your rear axle and it should be equal to at least half of your load in the front end loader.

However, the more weight the better while remaining below your rear axle capacity. You can also extend the weight further from the axle to apply a mechanical advantage to the weight. This weight will help reduce the load on the front end of your tractor and make steering and maneuvering more manageable with a loaded bucket. I personally have 330 pounds on the rear of my primary tractor loader.

Hydraulic Relief Valve

The control valve on your front end loader has an adjustable pressure relief. This relief will dictate the maximum amount of weight you can lift with your front end loader. You should adjust your relief so you are never able to lift more than your tractor can handle. With that said, a properly equipped garden tractor can handle a substantial amount of weight in the front bucket. The maximum weight depends on many factors including any upgrades you make to your tractor. My machines are set up so I can comfortably load 500 pounds of material and still drive around.

Tractor tire tread patterns

Your garden tractor loader can drive into piles of material, dig into the ground, push out small stumps and much more. Tire tread and wheel slippage come into play when performing these tasks. Agricultural lug tires are a common choice for front end loaders but may not always be the best choice. Ag tires can provide great traction in many conditions but in some conditions, they can dig your tractor into a hole very quickly and get you stuck. Less aggressive tires with a wide tread like turf tires or multi-terrain tires can provide lots of traction however when the wheels spin they won’t dig you deep into a hole.

Steering Techniques

Regardless of your tractor has power or mechanical steering, you should always try to turn while you’re in motion and let the front tire tread aid in steering. For tractors with power steering, it will help prevent damage to your tie rods, and for mechanical steering, it may be the only way you can steer the tractor. Some tire treads such as tri-rib tires in the front can also help with steering.

Loader operating techniques

Remember to use your garden tractor loader with caution. Most garden tractors do not come equipped with rollover protection structures so good sense and an acute awareness of your surroundings are important. When transporting material in your bucket, carry the loader bucket low to the ground and avoid uneven terrain and drive slowly.

When getting material from a pile, it is best to approach the pile and lift your loader up and scrape down loose material, then bring your bucket back down to take a scoop.

When back-dragging an area, only curl your bucket forward enough to let your cutting edge contact the ground so most of the hydraulic ram is still inside the cylinder. This prevents bending and damaging the hydraulic rams.

Compact tractor attachments

Compact Tractors make easy work of big tasks, but did you know there are more than 600 implements and attachments available to make your tractor even more helpful around the house? The available and versatility of attachments make your Compact Tractor the ideal workhorse, but it can be tough to know how to prioritize amidst the choices available.

Here are the top 10 implements we recommend every property owner consider for their Compact Tractor:

  • Loader.
  • Rotary Cutter.
  • Grooming/Belly Mower.
  • Rear Blade.
  • Box Blade.
  • Post Hole Digger.
  • Land Plane.
  • Snowblower.
  • Broadcast Spreader.
Compact tractor attachments

How much does it cost to build garden backhoe?

how much does it cost to build one of these backhoes?

figure around $1800 complete for steel and all hydraulics, a little less if you can use your tractor’s onboard hydraulic system to power the unit. buying local steel should cost you close to $350 and the remaining cost would be in hydraulics and for having parts shipped in.

how much hydraulic flow (GPM) and PSI is required to run this backhoe?

The Micro backhoe can be run with as little as 3 Gallons Per Minute hydraulic flow and with as low as 750 – 1000 PSI in easy soils. for simultaneous cylinder movements like on the larger hoes using joystick valves, I suggest 4 to 6 Gallons Per Minute . for more difficult digging environments you can increase system pressure from 1000 to 1500 PSI at the relief valve(s).

do I need any special tools to build the Micro backhoe?

not really, I was able to build my prototype backhoe (above) with what I consider basic tools. for cutting steel, a Makita 10″ chop saw with a composite metal cutting blade and a Sawzall. drilling was done with a small benchtop drill press and bi-metal hole saws, a welder is a Lincoln SP-100T, 100 amp wire feed mig using .035″ flux core wire, running on a dedicated 20 amp household circuit. I would suggest having a bench grinder, disk grinder, assorted clamps, bench vise, etc. just the basic stuff for garage steel fabrication projects.

how many breaks out force does this backhoe have?

this depends on the bore diameter of your hydraulic cylinders and what you are running for system pressure, with the 2″ bore cylinders we spec running at 1000 PSI, you should be able to get 3000 lbs or better break out force, however to put this into “real world” digging terms you must take into consideration the weight of your tractor as a whole.

how long does it take to build one of these backhoes?

this would depend on your steel fabrication skills, however, an average mechanically inclined person with basic tools should be able to construct one of these backhoes in 4 to 6 weeks of spare time evenings and weekends. I’ve noticed that when you have one of these projects on the bench, you seem to suddenly find the more spare time than you thought you had! I have had some customers take less than a month to build the hoe, and some quite a bit more. my original Micro backhoe took me 5 months of spare time, but that was designing, searching for suppliers, working out conflicts, building, testing, etc, etc.

will this backhoe fit my tractor? how does it attach to my tractor?

the Micro backhoe can be mounted on any tractor (or other vehicles) capable of carrying an extra 350 lbs. our plans provide an example of a solid mount subframe cage that attaches to the rear of your tractor at 6 points, two upper mounts, two lower mounts and two arms that go under the rear axle and attach to forward points on the tractor frame. the backhoe then attaches to this subframe at 4 points with quick pins, two uppers and two lower.

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CAD Designer Job Description

Structural CAD Designer – Advanced Structural Design – CAD designer job description: Learn about the work responsibilities of a structural CAD technician. Find out what education and skills are needed in addition to job outlook and salary to decide if this is the right career for you.

Structural designers benefit from the highest salary, while electrical, Industrial and electronics drafters can expect the most positive career outlook in the coming decade.

Career Definition for a Structural CAD Technician

Structural CAD technicians produce drawings for projects, such as public works systems, residential and commercial buildings, and concrete and steel bridges.

cad designer job description
CAD designer job description

Structural drafting

Advanced Structural Design: What is Structural Drafting?

Structural drafting is a plan or blueprint for how buildings or other structures are to be built. Instead of focusing on detailed drawings of floor plans, structural drafters focus on the building’s overall support system, which includes things like columns, beams, foundations, etc. Drafters used to create these drawings by hand, but with more advanced technology, CAD programs now complete these plans much quicker.

Software development engineer

Using computer-aided drafting and design (CADD) techniques and software, they create complex drawings and 2D and 3D renderings of structural components, including framework, foundations, roofs, and retaining walls.

They often assist engineers in outlining designs, gathering data, performing graphic imaging, drawing sketches of existing structures, and interpreting structural markups.

They may also perform administrative duties, produce documentation and progress reports, participate in meetings, and perform computations.

Project planning software

Structural CAD technicians are sometimes known as AutoCAD drafters and may work in offices, visit construction sites, or submit work from home via the Internet.

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reports that 49% of all drafters work in the architectural and engineering sectors.

CAD designer job description
Advanced Structural Design

Drafting services

Educational Requirements

Structural CAD technicians generally have an Associate in Applied Science degree in industrial technology, engineering design, or a related field; however, some employers may prefer a B.S. in drafting technology.

Coursework should include instruction in CAD software, such as AutoCAD and MicroStation, 2D and 3D modeling, mechanical drawing, math, and science.

The American Drafting and Design Association (ADDA) website offers information about accredited drafting and design programs throughout the country, as well as voluntary certification, which may benefit job seekers.

Structural cad technician

Structural CAD technicians must have a solid understanding of drafting fundamentals, with the ability to use the latest drafting software as well as sketch freehand.

  • They must be analytical and have strong math aptitude combined with artistic ability and creativity.
  • Technicians should be familiar with CADD techniques, software, and principles specific to the industries in which they specialize, such as highway and city design, water and drainage systems, transportation infrastructure, construction, agriculture, or mining.
  • They must have good communication skills, with the ability to work independently and as part of a team.
  • In addition to expertise with drafting software, they must also be familiar with commonly used word processing and spreadsheet programs.
CAD designer job description
Advanced Structural Design

Structural cad technician jobs

Economic Forecast and Career Outlook: Advanced Structural Design

The BLS expects job increases for architectural and civil drafters to be about 8% for the 2016-2026 period, varying slightly depending on various areas of specialty.

  • As CAD software becomes more user-friendly, a wider variety of basic drafting functions can be performed by untrained personnel, tempering job growth somewhat.
  • Job prospects should be best for structural CAD technicians with the strongest technical skills.

In May 2018, median annual earnings for architectural and civil drafters ranged from less than $35,020 for the lowest-paid ten percent to more than $80,880 for the highest-paid ten percent. (Advanced Structural Design)

Structural cad designer jobs

Structural CAD Designer Jobs Description

A structural CAD designer is responsible for preparing the preliminary design, checking of designs and drawings, preparing specifications, conducting contract administration, structural inspection and preparing proposal and report.

The functions of a structural CAD designer include prefabrication, Shop Drawing, and Architectural Drawings.

  • A structural CAD designer should be very well conversant with AutoCAD, Microstation V8, J and Plan software, AutoCAD computer-aided design in 2D, versions of AutoCAD-12, 13, 14, 2000 and 2006.
  • A structural CAD designer should be very skilled at preparing all types of drawings in AutoCAD and Microstation. A structural CAD designer also performs scanning, conversion of Raster Images to Vector, MS-PowerPoint presentation with Microstation & AutoCAD Drawings.
  • A structural CAD designer creates PDF and images files with a scanner and also performs CAD troubleshooting.
  • A structural CAD designer should possess a bachelor’s degree in Civil or Structural Engineering and a diploma in AutoCAD for Designing and Architecture.
  • A structural CAD designer should be proficient with AutoCAD-R12 to 2006, Microstation J, V8, Photoshop, Corel Draw and Photo-Paint, MS office, Material Integrated Production System and PDMS Drafting.
CAD designer job description
Advanced Structural Design

Civil Engineering Technician

For those wanting to delve further into the actual creation of structural designs, becoming a civil engineering technician could be the right option: Structural CAD Designer.

  • These technicians examine drawings from drafters to verify measurement accuracy.
  • They also make site visits to determine if the design is being properly executed in addition to analyzing building materials and soil, developing cost estimations, and compiling project information into written reports.
  • Although a degree is not required to enter the profession, an associate degree in civil engineering technology may be appealing to some employers. (Advanced Structural Design)

According to BLS projections, civil engineering technicians are expected to experience 9% employment growth during the 2016-2026 decade. In 2018, these professionals earned a median wage of $52,580.

Architect or architectural designer

If utilizing CAD software to create building designs for government and private clients sounds intriguing, consider a career in architecture. (Structural CAD Designer)

  • Architects meet with clients to determine what the design vision should be and use their artistic skills to draw sketches and blueprints.
  • They also choose construction materials, create cost estimates and schedules, prepare construction contracts, oversee construction work pertaining to the design, and make sure clients are satisfied.

Aspiring architects must complete three stages before working in the field; earning a 5-year bachelor’s or master’s degree in architecture, working as an intern for at least 3 years, and receiving a passing score on the Architect Registration Exam.

Upon completion, an architect can obtain a required state license.

The BLS predicts that job opportunities will increase 4% for architects from 2016-2026, with about 5,500 new positions opening up during that time. As reported by the BLS in May of 2018, architects received a median yearly compensation of $79,380.

CAD designer job description
Advanced Structural Design

Autocad designer job description

AutoCAD designers require little formal education. Learn about the training options, job duties, and available certifications to see if this is the right career for you.

As an AutoCAD designer, you have myriad possibilities upon which you can direct your professional focus. Options include industrial designer, electrical drafter, civil drafter, and mechanical drafter, each with unique salary and outlook prospects.

Essential Information: Advanced Structural Design

As competition heats up, companies must ramp up productivity in design and manufacturing technologies. AutoCAD designers are widely used in the engineering, architecture and construction fields.

CAD designer job description
Advanced Structural Design

Autocad designer responsibilities

  • AutoCAD is a computer-aided design software program used in many industries, including architecture, engineering, construction, and interior design.
  • AutoCAD allows the user to create 2D and 3D drawings using visualization and technical documentation.
  • This software program increases productivity in manufacturing and design, replacing the need for manual drawings and designs.

Occupational Outlook: Advanced Structural Design

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reported that employment of industrial designers was expected to grow 2% between 2014 and 2024, while drafters, in general, would actually see a three percent decrease, although that number varies by type of drafter.

The best opportunities should arise for drafters with experience and formal training using CAD (computer-aided design) technology.

In 2015, industrial and commercial designers earned an annual mean wage of $69,820. Electrical and electronics drafters earned an average salary of $62,890, while architectural and civil drafters earned an average salary of $53,470 the same year. Mechanical drafters took in an average annual salary of $56,610, stated the BLS.

Autocad price

When choosing to invest in CAD software, there are a number of factors to consider. One of the most important of these, of course, is cost. For this reason, demystifying the often complex pricing structures of CAD licenses is incredibly helpful. How much, for example, will an AutoCAD license really cost you?

It’s a simple question, surely? Well, not quite. Software manufacturers have shifted from offering perpetual licenses to subscriptions over the years, with the CAD industry proving no exception. As such, Autodesk stopped selling perpetual licenses for AutoCAD (alongside most of its other products) on August 1st, 2016.

The result of this shift is that, instead of paying a one-off fee to be able to use AutoCAD forever, users now pay for a rolling subscription to maintain access to AutoCAD. You can see the cost of an AutoCAD subscription direct from Autodesk in the table below.

Subscription length Price
Monthly $195.00
1 year $1,575.00
2 years  $2,992.50

Advanced Structural Design

Is CAD Drafting a Good Career?

CAD drafters specialize in the use of computer-aided design software to create schemes and technical drawings. Drafters are a key component required in both the manufacturing and building industries, but can also be found in electrical design where they map out electrical wiring diagrams.

What degree do you need to be a drafter?

Drafters generally need to complete postsecondary education in drafting. This is typically done through a 2-year associate’s degree from a technical institute or community college. Most 4-year colleges do not offer training in drafting, but they do offer classes in engineering, architecture, and mathematics

What’s drafting and design?

Inside Computer-Aided Drafting and Design Technology. CAD operators use computer programs to create drawings that are used in building or manufacturing. Drafters may be employed in the architectural and engineering fields, creating drawings that provide the technical specifications of buildings.

What is the difference between drawing drafting and design?

Drafting is used as a part of the design and fabrication processes. Drafting can be done by hand or using specially designed computer programs and mechanical drawings. It is a detailed technical drawing that can cover one segment of the mechanical device or structure or all of it.

What are the different types of technical drawings?

Parallel projections are subdivided into the following three categories: orthographic, oblique, and axonometric projections.

Orthographic projections are drawn as multi-view drawings that show the flat representations of principle views of the subject.
Oblique projections actually show the full size of one view and are of two varieties:
-cabinet projection (½ scale)
-cavalier projection (full scale)
Axonometric projections are three-dimensional drawings and are of three different varieties:

What is the difference between drafting and architecture?

Draftsmen, like architects, prepare CADD drawings. However, drafting can be applied to many other areas besides construction and architecture. Drafting can be used to create drawings of circuitry or mechanical designs. For example, architectural drafters produce drawings for new construction projects.

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