Types of Construction Equipments

Types of Construction Equipments: Proper tools and equipment are essential for the effective operation of any civil works site. Equipping the construction site with the correct tools and equipment plays an essential role in achieving timely and good quality results. For every construction activity, there is an optimal combination of tools, equipment and labour. Depending on the nature and content of the works, the technical staff needs to know which tools to use and how to effectively combine them with manual labor.

Types of Construction Equipments
Types of Construction Equipments

Types of Construction Machinery

Once on-site, different types of construction equipments requires trained operators and supervisory staff who are proficient in its operation and maintenance.

Faulty equipment is a common reason for delays on construction sites. A major responsibility of the project management is to ensure that tools and equipment are maintained in good condition and are readily available when required for the various work activities.

When applying labour-based work methods, the use of hand tools supported with selected items of light equipment can produce results comparable with those achieved when using only heavy equipment. For every construction activity, there is an optimum combination of equipment and labour. In order to utilize the equipment and labour in the most effective way, the use of equipment needs to be carefully coordinated with the output of the work gangs.

For certain construction activities, particularly hauling of materials and compaction, high labour productivity and good quality of work may be difficult to achieve using only manual

Types of Construction Equipments
Types of Construction Equipments

Types of equipment used in construction

There are several types of construction equipments that is been used in the Industry. These are used for both large and small scale purposes. Various types of Equipment are been used for Building & structural Construction, Road construction, underwater and other marine construction work Power projects etc. There are various operations that are involved in construction projects, whether it’s a large scale or a small scale; Excavation and digging of large quantities of earth, Placement of construction materials (eg:-Bricks, concrete) Compacting and leveling, Dozing, Grading, Hauling, etc.

Construction equipment can be categorized into 4 main sections based on purpose and use, They are:

  • Earth Moving equipment
  • Construction vehicle
  • Material Handling Equipment
  • Construction Equipment

Earth Moving equipment

Heavy equipment is essential for construction jobs of almost any size, from home building to large-scale commercial and civil projects. Earth-moving equipment covers a broad range of machines that can excavate and grade soil and rock, along with other jobs.

Earthmovers and other heavy equipment help to speed not only earthwork but also materials handling, demolition, and construction. Many types of heavy construction equipment are designed for multiple functions, making them indispensable on job sites.

  • Excavators
  • Graders
  • Loaders
  • Skid loader
  • Crawler loaders
  • Backhoe
  • Bulldozers
  • Trenchers
  • Scrapers
  • Wheeled loading shovels
Types of Construction Equipments
Types of Construction Equipments

Construction vehicles

In general, construction companies are faced with challenges due to the fact that opportunities in the construction sector are growing.

Straight proportionally to that construction company and employees are faced with project complexity.

Yet, in order to beat project complexity, construction companies have uncovered which are the most popular types of construction vehicles that they are using in order to achieve great performance. Still one must not forget that great performance leads to success.

  • Tippers
  • Dumpers
  • Trailers
  • Tankers
Types of Construction Equipments
Types of Construction Equipment

Material handling equipment

The term ‘material handling equipment’ is a pretty broad one. There’s plenty of situations where it’s critical to move large and often heavy materials in a production environment. Any piece of equipment that helps with this process could be labeled ‘material handling equipment’.

Plenty of items fall under this definition, from tools and storage units to vehicles and major appliances. Anything that deals with the transportation, storage, and control at any stage of the processing of materials can be classified as material handling equipment.

  • Crane
  • Conveyors
  • Hoists
  • ForkLifts

Construction equipment

Construction equipment refers to heavy-duty vehicles, specially designed for executing construction tasks, most frequently ones involving earthwork operations. They are also known as heavy machines, heavy trucks, construction equipment, engineering equipment, heavy vehicles, or heavy hydraulics.

They usually comprise five equipment systems: implement, traction, structure, power train, control, and information. Heavy equipment functions through the mechanical advantage of a simple machine, the ratio between the input force applied and force exerted is multiplied. Some equipment uses hydraulic drives as a primary source of motion.

  • Concrete Mixture
  • Compactors
  • Pavers
  • Road Rollers
Types of Construction Equipments
Types of Construction Equipments

Types of Construction Equipments

what is material handling equipment?

The term ‘material handling equipment’ is a pretty broad one. There’s plenty of situations where it’s critical to move large and often heavy materials in a production environment. Any piece of equipment that helps with this process could be labeled ‘material handling equipment’.

what is construction equipment?

Construction equipment refers to heavy-duty vehicles, specially designed for executing construction tasks, most frequently ones involving earthwork operations. They are also known as heavy machines, heavy trucks, construction equipment, engineering equipment, heavy vehicles, or heavy hydraulics.

what is earth moving equipment?

Earthmovers and other heavy equipment are essential for construction jobs of almost any size, from home building to large-scale commercial and civil projects. Earth-moving equipment covers a broad range of machines that can excavate and grade soil and rock, along with other jobs.

What is heavy duty equipment?

Heavy equipment or heavy machinery refers to heavy-duty vehicles, specially designed for executing construction tasks, most frequently ones involving earthwork operations or other large construction tasks. Some equipment uses hydraulic drives as a primary source of motion.

What is heavy civil construction?

Building construction is usually further divided into residential and non-residential (commercial/institutional). Infrastructure is often called heavy civil or heavy engineering that includes large public works, dams, bridges, highways, railways, water or wastewater and utility distribution.

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Mining equipment manufacturers

Construction and mining equipment cover a variety of machinery such as hydraulic excavators, wheel loaders, backhoe loaders, etc. They perform a variety of functions like preparation of the ground, excavation, haulage of material, dumping/laying in a specified manner, material handling, road construction, etc.

Equipment Maintenance

Equipment Maintenance Management: predictive and preventive, management in the mining, industrial and construction industry for road machines.

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Construction Safety Topics

Construction safety Topics and health: Anyone working in construction has been ingrained with the concept of construction safety for as long as he or she can remember, but construction is still ranked among the highest accident-risk industries in the world. There are a number of reasons that these high numbers are endemic to the construction industry that are not found in most other businesses.

First, the industry is highly splintered into a formidable number of very diverse operating entities. There are a plethora of individual owners, contractors, subcontractors, A&E firms, and the like directly involved in the business of building facilities. This diverse group is underlain by an impressive lineup of government agencies, trade unions, trade associations, equipment manufacturers, insurers, and universities, all playing a supporting role to the main players.

Construction Safety and Health
Construction Safety and Health

General safety rules in the workplace

Collectively, these organizations have some sort of responsibility or are contributing to the construction safety picture, but not necessarily with the same safety goals in mind.

The high rate of employee turnover endemic to the construction industry is another problem area when it comes to executing an effective safety program.

A high percentage of construction firms serving a widely distributed market rarely see the same craftspeople on successive projects. This makes it difficult to properly train the craft labor in the firm’s safety programs and standards. Turnover also leads to unknowingly hiring a percentage of accident-prone workers who have to be retrained or weeded out. Small local contractors with long-term supervisory and craft-labor employees don’t have the same problems.

On the negative side, smaller contractors inherently place less emphasis on safety standards and on programs that tend to adversely affect their accident statistics.

However, we will be looking at how construction managers can overcome the fractured nature of the industry by bringing a sharper focus on effective safety programs for their individual projects.

As with any key management function on the project, the safety program doesn’t just happen, it must be planned, organized, and controlled. As the leader of the field activities, the Construction Manager’s (CMs) must bring every available resource to bear in executing a superior project safety performance every time. CMs play a vital role in their firm’s overall safety performance chain.

Construction Safety and Health
Construction Safety and Health

Construction safety

How Did Construction Safety Evolve?

Going back again 4000 years to the Egyptians and their monument building, we can evaluate some of the accident and health problems they must have encountered. They, after all, represent the first organized heavy construction activity in our recorded history.

Because the Egyptian nobility was so obsessed with the afterlife and how to get there, they apparently made no written record of their construction safety problems and how they coped with them. We do know they didn’t have what we today consider basic safety equipment such as hard hats, safety shoes, eye protection, respirators, and the like.

As described in the This Old Pyramid show,l we know that they quarried and moved stones weighing up to 15 to 20 tons to build the pyramids. Their quarrying, tunneling, and chamber excavations in solid limestone were done by manually chipping 18-inch-wide channels around three sides to a depth equal to the stone’s height. They then split out the resulting stone piece along the base by driving in bronze wedges.

The resulting stones were taken out and finished by stone-cutters using pointed copper or bronze adzes and chisels. All this stone quarrying and excavation produced tons of rubble, flying chips, and clouds of limestone dust. It was a perfect setting for stone-cutters to contract silicosis and all sorts of respiratory diseases as we know them today.

Assuming that the Pharaohs couldn’t afford to eradicate their farmers, who worked on the tombs during the off-season, the workers must have developed some primitive methods to cope with the safety and health problems.

Construction Safety and Health
Construction Safety and Health

Health and safety practices in the workplace

In the absence of modern safety programs as we know them today, the safety measures had to be simple self-preservation methods developed by the laborers themselves. Unfortunately, that self-preservation attitude seems not to have been passed down to many of our present-day construction craftspeople.

Considering worldwide construction activities for the next 4000 years, not much happened on the safety front even with the onset of the industrial revolution. In fact, the factory industries spawned in the industrial revolution had an even worse safety record than the construction industry. Finally, with the organization of trade unions, labor legislation, and workers compensation, which arrived in the early 1900s, owners were convinced that having good employee on-the-job safety and welfare programs was a sound business practice after all.

The heavy-industry portion of the industrial business then developed safety programs and basic safety equipment such as hard hats, safety shoes, protective clothing, and the like.

Contractors working in those industries were then forced to adapt those heavy-industry safety rules and equipment to apply to their own employees. In response to their clients’ wishes and the new legislation, contractors soon started to take a proactive stance toward on-the-job safety.

Considering the longevity of the construction industry, we can see that modern safety practices have developed only over the past five or six decades, so they are still relatively new. There is still plenty of room for improvement in the construction safety field, given the parallel improvements in technology, training, and management practices.

Construction Safety and Health
Construction Safety and Health

Safety hazards on a construction site

How Effective Is Construction Safety Today?

Despite titanic efforts on the part of government agencies, the insurance industry, trade associations, universities, owners, unions, and contractors, the overall accident and severity rate seems to stay about the same. The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) has been keeping and reporting accident data for all industries for many years. Despite wide swings in the economy, U.S. construction accounts for about 7 percent of the workforce and has contributed about 25 percent of the job-related fatalities.

It would seem that the present construction safety programs have brought the accident statistics down to an irreducible minimum that must be accepted as part of an inherently risky business. However, some notable exceptions to the general safety performance figures have shown up recently to prove otherwise.

Construction Safety and Health
Construction Safety and Health

Construction safety programs

Why Are Construction Safety Programs Important?

There are many mitigating factors supporting the need for effective construction safety programs today. Generally, they fall into humanitarian and economic categories. The hard-nosed economic factors of safety have forced even the most in humanitarian management into taking a more humanitarian stance on construction safety. I say this because of the construction industry’s widespread macho image, which tends to play down present-day management’s general trend toward a humanistic approach toward employees.

Present-day construction safety programs must also stress accountability for safety throughout the organization. Owners’ and contractors’ management must initiate the need for safety, and the resulting system must be clear as to who is accountable for carrying out the program. Because Construction Manager’s (CMs)  have sole responsibility for delivering the project goals, they are held accountable for the success or failure of the site-safety performance.

Construction Safety and Health
Construction Safety and Health

Health and safety management in construction

Humanitarian factors in safety

The humanitarian factors in safety are quite straightforward. No one connected with the industry wants to see coworkers killed or injured on the job. Everyone working on the job must make a personal commitment to perform in a manner that doesn’t endanger the lives and property of others. This is especially true for the various management groups involved in the construction project because they are responsible for managing the safety environment.

Construction Manager’s (CMs) are especially sensitive to safety’s humanitarian side because they are customarily responsible for delivering the sad news of an accident to the next-of-kin. As leaders of their field organizations, most CMs feel a personal responsibility for an accident that happened on their watch.

Although the accident rate among CMs is relatively low, I have had a CM experience a serious lost-time accident on one of my projects.

Considering a Construction Manager’s (CMs)  overall project-performance rating, having a personal lost-time accident on one’s record is probably the worst thing that can happen. No one on the project is outside the safety program’s umbrella or immune from accidents.

Construction Safety and Health
Construction Safety and Health

Construction site safety topics

Economic factors in safety

Construction-accident costs have been estimated in a variety of ways.

It’s been estimated by several sources that accidents cost the industry 6.5 percent of the $300 billion spent on the construction or about $20 billion per year in the 1980s. There is no indication that it will be much lower in the present decade. Those numbers give ample proof that construction safety and accident-reduction offer one of the best cost reduction routes available to meet the construction industry’s vital goal of reducing overall costs.

In the final analysis, the above economic factors forced owners and contractors into taking a more pragmatic approach to construction safety. It’s always easier to sell a humanitarian approach if one can offer an economic advantage as well. When one considers the direct and indirect costs for accidents, an effective safety program wins hands-down on the factory floor and the construction site.

The direct costs of a high accident rate are fairly obvious and easy to evaluate. Some of the key direct costs attributable to high accident rates are:

  • Higher workers’ compensation insurance rates
  • Higher liability insurance rates
  • Losses not covered by insurance policies
  • Government agency fines
  • Depressed craft-labor productivity rates
  • Cost of investigation and filing accident reports

Indirect costs are a bit harder to evaluate but typically add up to more than the direct costs. Some of the more obvious indirect costs are:

  • Increased employee turnover
  • Lost time of injured workers
  • Training cost of replacement workers
  • Time lost on schedule (possible liquidated damages)
  • Lowered worker morale
  • Loss of worker efficiency
  • Lowered morale and efficiency of supervisors
  • Damage to the owner’s property
  • Damage to tools and equipment
  • Litigation support costs not covered by insurance
  • Loss of new business and damage to corporate image
Construction Safety and Health
Construction Safety and Health

Construction safety training

Another construction safety topic that is often taken too lightly is safety training. Too often, safety training is seen as a time-consuming chore that gets in the way of “real problems”.

Importance of Construction Safety Training:

As such it is critical you spend a few safety meetings discussing the benefits of safety training, and why it is necessary. Some of your team may roll their eyes at first, but the more time you spend discussing its importance, the more they’ll start to understand.

Without recurring safety training, it’s easy to start taking safety for granted. It’s no surprise that complacency is one of the most common causes of workplace incidents. So be sure to remind workers that proper training is important for keeping them alert.

Construction Safety and Health

What is health and safety in construction?

It helps the reader to identify hazards and control risks and explains how to plan, organize, control, monitor and review health and safety throughout the life of a project. It is aimed at everybody involved in construction work, including clients, designers, contractors, and individual workers.

Why is construction safety important?

Health and safety in construction are particularly important because the industry is prone to hazardous situations and can be dangerous at times.

What is the definition of safety in construction?

Construction safety aims to ensure that a construction site or the industry as a whole is not the cause of immediate danger to the public around a construction site, or the workers at a construction site, as well as making sure that the finished product of construction meets required safety standards.

How do you implement safety in construction?

Implement zoning to block off areas where certain tasks will take place, install nets and catch platforms, and apply any other safety measures. Stage and stock each work area with the necessary tools, PPE, and equipment before the workday begins. This will make it easier and safer for workers to access what they need.

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Mining equipment manufacturers

Construction and mining equipment cover a variety of machinery such as hydraulic excavators, wheel loaders, backhoe loaders, etc. They perform a variety of functions like preparation of the ground, excavation, haulage of material, dumping/laying in a specified manner, material handling, road construction, etc.

Equipment Preventive Maintenance

Equipment Maintenance Management: predictive and preventive, management in the mining, industrial and construction industry for road machines.

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Objectives of Construction Management

Objectives of Construction Management: If one is going to practice management within an industry, it is a good idea to define the arena in which the management techniques will be applied. We really need to know just what business we are in to evaluate our present goals, find out where we have been, and where we hope to go from here.

A construction manager is someone who plans, coordinates, budgets, and supervises construction projects from early development to completion.

The theme of this article is the practice of management across all facets of construction project execution. Therefore, construction technology will be introduced only as it, bears on total construction project management. It is a given that you must master the basic technology applicable to your specialized field of construction before you can effectively take on the total management of a construction project.

objectives of construction management
objectives of construction management

Construction Management

The objectives of construction management: Construction management is a professional service that provides a project’s owner(s) with effective management of the project’s schedule, cost, quality, safety, scope, and function. Construction management is compatible with all project delivery methods. No matter the setting, a Construction Manager’s (CMs) responsibility is to the owner and to a successful project.

At its core, a capital project is made up of three parties (excluding the CM):

  • The owner, who commissions the project and either fund the project directly or finances it through a variety of methods.
  • The architect/engineer, who designs the project.
  • The general contractor, who oversees day-to-day operations and manages subcontractors.
objectives of construction management
objectives of construction management

Construction project management

The objectives of construction management: Construction Management (CM) represents the owner’s interest and provides oversight over the entire project directly for the owner. His/her mandate is to work with all parties to deliver the project on time, at or under budget, and to the owner’s expected standard of quality, scope, and function.

CMs are uniquely qualified through combined education and experience to work with the owner, architect, general contractor, and other stakeholders to determine the best possible sequence of construction operations and develop a detailed schedule and budget, while also establishing plans for project safety and security and helping the owner manage risk. This requires using project management information systems (PMISs) and complex planning techniques, like critical path method, as well as knowledge of construction methods.

A study supported by the CMAA Foundation showed that using professional CMs saved money, avoided or mitigated problems, and produced higher quality results for owners.

objectives of construction management
objectives of construction management

Objectives of Construction Management

Construction managers, also called general contractors or project managers, typically do the following:

Professional CMs use industry-standard practices to manage projects successfully. The CM Body of Knowledge and Standards of Practice address all six areas of construction management services: schedule, cost, safety, quality, function, and scope.

  • Prepare and negotiate cost estimates, budgets, and work timetables
  • Select appropriate construction methods and strategies
  • Interpret and explain contracts and technical information to workers and other professionals
  • Report on work progress and budget matters to clients
  • Collaborate with architects, engineers, and other construction and building specialists
  • Instruct and supervise construction personnel and activities onsite
  • Respond to work delays and other problems and emergencies
  • Select, hire, and instruct laborers and subcontractors
  • Comply with legal requirements, building and safety codes, and other regulations
objectives of construction management
objectives of construction management

Construction engineering and management

The objectives of construction management: Construction managers coordinate and supervise a wide variety of projects, including the building of all types of residential, commercial, and industrial structures, roads, bridges, power plants, schools, and hospitals. They oversee specialized contractors and other personnel.

They schedule and coordinate all design and construction processes to ensure a productive and safe work environment. They also make sure jobs are completed on time and on budget with the right amount of tools, equipment, and materials. Many managers also are responsible for obtaining necessary permits and licenses. They are often responsible for multiple projects at a time.

objectives of construction management
objectives of construction management

Construction managers

Construction managers work closely with other building specialists, such as architects, engineers, and a variety of trade workers, such as stonemasons, electricians, and carpenters. Projects may require specialists in everything from structural metalworking and painting, to landscaping, building roads, installing carpets, and excavating sites.

Depending on the project, construction managers may interact with lawyers and local government officials. For example, when working on city-owned property or municipal buildings, managers sometimes confer with city council members to ensure that all regulations are met.

For projects too large to be managed by one person, such as office buildings and industrial complexes, a construction manager would only be in charge of one part of the project. Each construction manager would oversee a specific construction phase and choose subcontractors to complete it.

How large is the construction industry?

The construction industry has long been a major component of the economies of the world’s industrialized nations. Statistical analysis of the industry, even in the U.S., is very difficult. The U.S. Department of Labor keeps statistics, as well as private groups such as Engineering News Record (ENR) and various contractor associations.

The ENR-generated figures are generally given more credence in the industry. The actual numbers are not that critical as long as one uses them simply to evaluate industry trends. Here, we are only trying to evaluate the relative size of the construction industry and its annual performance trends.

objectives of construction management

Construction management services

The objectives of construction management: Construction managers address budget matters and coordinate and supervise workers. Choosing competent staff and employees, as well as establishing good working relationships with them, is critical.

Managers also must delegate tasks to workers, subcontractors, and other lower level managers effectively. Managers must give clear orders, explain complex information to workers and clients, and discuss technical details with other building specialists. Self-employed construction managers must get their own projects, so the need to sell their services to potential clients is critical.

Managers must know construction methods and technologies, and be able to interpret contracts and technical drawings. Construction managers must meet deadlines.

They ensure that construction phases are completed on time so that the next phase can begin. For instance, constructing a building foundation cannot begin until the land excavation is completed. They must write proposals, plans, and budgets clearly for clients and others involved in the building process.

What Does a Construction Manager Do?

What Does a Construction Manager Do?

Construction managers oversee and lead a range of building projects from beginning to end. They are responsible for setting and keeping schedules, monitoring finances, and making certain that everybody is doing what they should, every day.

How do you become a construction manager?

Construction managers typically must have a bachelor’s degree and learn management techniques through on-the-job training. Large construction firms increasingly prefer candidates with both construction experience and a bachelor’s degree in a construction-related field.

What are the objectives of Construction Management?

The functions of construction management typically include the following: Specifying project objectives and plans including delineation of scope, budgeting, scheduling, setting performance requirements, and selecting project participants.

Can a construction manager become a Project Manager?

More and more construction project managers have bachelor’s degrees when they enter the field. The common degree for a project manager in construction is a degree in construction engineering, building science, or construction science. This will better prepare you for work as a project manager.

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Top EPC Companies

TOP EPC COMPANIES: EPC services company, EPC oil & gas multinational company, EPC company means, what is EPC company.

Mining equipment manufacturers

Construction and mining equipment cover a variety of machinery such as hydraulic excavators, wheel loaders, backhoe loaders, etc. They perform a variety of functions like preparation of the ground, excavation, haulage of material, dumping/laying in a specified manner, material handling, road construction, etc.

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Mining Equipment Manufacturers

Mining Equipment Manufacturers: Construction and mining equipment cover a variety of machinery such as hydraulic excavators, wheel loaders, backhoe loaders, bulldozers, dump trucks, tippers, graders, pavers, asphalt drum / wet mix plants, breakers, vibratory compactors, cranes, forklifts, dozers, off-highway dumpers (20T to 170T), drills, scrapers, motor graders, rope shovels etc.

They perform a variety of functions like preparation of the ground, excavation, haulage of material, dumping/laying in a specified manner, material handling, road construction, etc. These equipment are required for both construction and mining activity.

Mining Equipment Manufacturers
Mining Equipment Manufacturers

Mining equipment suppliers

The technology leaders in the construction equipment sector are Komatsu, Caterpillar, Hitachi, Terex, Volvo, Case, Ingersoll-Rand, HAMM, Bomag, John Deere, JCB, Poclain, Bitelli, Kobelco, Hyundai, and Daewoo.

In the mining sector, the leaders are: Wrigten, Atlas Copco, Liebherr, Joy Mining Machinery, Hitachi, Komatsu, Terex, Ranson & Rappier, Bucyrus Erie and DBT.

As a whole, the total revenue of 50 largest world manufacturers of construction equipment continues to decline, which compared to last year amounted to 2.6%. Thus, in monetary terms, total revenue was $159 billion.

Mining Equipment Manufacturers
Mining Equipment Manufacturers

Top 10 mining equipment manufacturers

Caterpillar and Komatsu corporations, being the undisputed leaders of this ranking throughout the entire period of its existence, retained the first and the second position respectively. And the differences in sales volumes of these companies and their closest pursuers still remain at an unattainable level. However, due to the reduction of its activity in the mining industry, the sales volume of Caterpillar fell by almost $3 billion, which in turn led to 1.2% decrease of the share of the company in total sales volume.

Mining Equipment Manufacturers
Top companies
Caterpillar17.8 %
Komatsu10.6 %
Hitachi4.9 %
Volvo4.9 %
Terex4.6 %
Liebherr4.5 %
John Deere4.1 %
XCMG3.9 %
Sany3.4 %
Doosan 3.4 %
Others37.9 %
Mining Equipment Manufacturers

Mining machine manufacturers

The industry is quite mature in terms of marketing abilities as compared to the other sectors of the capital goods industry. Majority of the companies have strategic planning programmes in place and have well chalked out business strategies at all levels.

In order to enhance their market share, companies need to improve quality and service followed by a reduction in costs, increase in product range and finally adopt more aggressive marketing strategies. The competitive edge lies in satisfying customers by delivering higher quality products at lower prices.

Strategic alliances are already in place among 60% of the companies surveyed.

These are primarily focused on developing and combining competencies with the help of other organizations in terms of marketing, after-sales service, etc. Only 45% of the companies are interested in growth through mergers and acquisitions.

The level of quality consciousness is on an average higher than the other sectors probably because the companies are larger and many of them are associated with international companies either for manufacturing or marketing their products.

Another reason for higher quality consciousness is that more companies in this sector are well versed with the soft technologies being used worldwide for enhancing competitiveness and quality.

Approximately 90% of the companies covered under the study have either implemented or are implementing soft technologies like six sigma, lean manufacturing, etc. 100% of the companies manufacturing are ISO certified.

Mining Equipment Manufacturers
Mining Equipment Manufacturers

Mining equipment manufacturing companies

Inspite of the sharp hike in steel prices, profitability has been better in the last two years due to increased sales, better sales price, strengthening of the dolar and continued efforts to reduce production costs. The cost of production needs to be further reduced and hence companies need to work upon human resources management to improve employee productivity.

This can be tackled by proper training of manpower, proper utilization of the right talent in the right place which is presently lacking in the manufacturing industry.

Caterpillar equipment

Caterpillar Inc. is an American Fortune 100 corporation which manufactures machinery, engines, financial products, and insurance to customers via a worldwide dealer network. They are also the largest construction and mining equipment manufacturer in the world. Its sells its wide array of products under the brand name CAT, CAT Financial, CAT Reman, Anchor, Asiatrak, FG Wilson, Perkins, Hypac, Mak, and Yellow mark. The company was ranked 194 on the Fortune 500 global list in the year 2016.

Komatsu mining corp

Komatsu is a Japanese multinational corporation involved in the manufacturing of construction, mining, and military equipment. The company also manufactures industrial equipment like press machines, lasers, and thermoelectric generators. Their construction and mining equipment consists of machines including electric rope shovels, continuous miners, hydraulic excavators, wheel loaders, motor graders, dump trucks, and mini excavators. In April 2017, the American subsidiary of Komatsu acquired Joy Global, a world leader in high-productivity mining solutions.

Hitachi Construction Machinery

Hitachi is a Japanese construction equipment manufacturer that deals with the development, manufacturing, marketing, and sales of construction equipment. Their mining equipment consists of excavators, loaders, recycle machines, compaction equipment, crawler cranes, dump trucks, and bulldozers. In March 2017, Hitachi Construction Machinery entered into a partnership with Trimble to enhance its fleet management capabilities.

Atlas Copco

Atlas Copco, founded in 1873, is a Swedish company which manufactures industrial tools and equipment. They boast a wide variety of product range which includes air compressors and industrial gases, vacuum solutions, mobile tools, industrial tools and solutions, mining and rock excavation equipment. Atlas Copco is seeking to acquire assets of Renegade Drilling Supplies Proprietary, a South African manufacturer of drilling consumables for mining exploration. The company reported revenues of $11 billion for the year 2016 with sales in over 180 countries.

Sandvik Mining and rock technology

Sandvik is a global high-technology engineering group specializing in tools and tooling systems for metal cutting, tools, and services for the mining and construction industries. Their key services include machining solutions, mining and rock technology, and materials technology. The mining equipment manufacturer has employed 43,000 employees over 150 countries to generate revenues of $9 billion in the year 2016. It was one of the first company to commercially exploit the Bessemer steel process. They have categorized their products into metal cutting tools, mining and excavation tools, stainless steel, furnace products, and hard and super-hard materials.

Mining equipment rental

The equipment rental market is not yet fully developed but there are a number of companies who are now entering into the business encouraged by the low-interest regime. This will further give a boost to the demand for small and medium-sized equipment. The lowering of customs duties and removal of age restrictions have encouraged imports of second-hand machinery used by the rental companies. This has also found favor with contractors. It helps them to focus on their core competencies of construction and project management while having access to equipment without significant investments.

Future prospects of this industry are directly linked to the world economy and it is expected that the economy will do well in the future.

In recent years, the core sector of the economy, particularly the mineral and mining industry, has made significant progress.

The abundant mineral resources available in the world have led to the growth of the mining industry. This industry is basically labor-intensive and can provide job opportunities for many. Mechanized mining operations have become popular in recent years. Today, more and more companies engaged in open-cast mining resort to high mechanization in order to maximize the output of coal and other minerals. As a result, there is a marked trend in the introduction of large capacity and higher sized mining machines.

Mining Equipment Manufacturers
Mining Equipment Manufacturers

Mining Equipment Manufacturers

What is the mining equipment?

Underground specialized mining equipment such as trucks, loaders, diggers, etc. are used to excavate the material and are normally hauled to the surface with skips or lifts for further processing. Drilling is normally required to place explosive charges to liberate the minerals from the overburden material.

What is the most common type of mining?

The three most common types of surface mining are open-pit mining, strip mining, and quarrying.

How is underground mining done?

The entry from the surface to an underground mine may be through a horizontal or vertical tunnel, known as an adit, shaft or decline. Underground mining is practical when: The ore body is too deep to mine profitably by open pit.

What type of industry is mining?

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Magnetic Drum Separator

Magnetic Drum Separator: Dry drum separators have been developed mainly for dry separation of ferromagnetic ores with particle sizes finer than 20 mm. In addition to this conventional application, the dry drum separator has found a wide range of other applications such as:

  • Iron and steel slag treatment
  • Reduced pyrite ash separation
  • Calcined ilmenite production
  • Metal powder production
  • Supergrade magnetic concentrate production
  • Removal of ferromagnetic particles prior to high-intensity magnetic separation
  • Control of iron contamination in glass sand production.
Magnetic Drum Separator
Magnetic Drum Separator

Drum separator

Magnetic Drum Separator: Principle of operation

As material reaches the drum, the magnetic field attracts and holds ferrous particles to the drum shell. As the drum revolves, it carries the material through the stationary magnetic field.

The nonmagnetic material falls freely from the shell, while the magnetic particles are held firmly until they are carried out of the magnetic field.

Magnetic Drum Separator: Standard drum separator

For many years, Permanent Magnetic Drums have used ceramic or alnico magnet materials as their power source.

When built with designed circuits, these separators provide good magnetic fields for a nominal cost and effectively remove both tramp and fine iron contaminants in most applications.

They continue to be the magnets most frequently used to improve the product purity of dry bulk materials.

Magnetic Drum Separator
Magnetic Drum Separator

Drum type magnetic separator

Magnetic Drum Separator: Design magnetic Drum Separator

The dry drum separator consists of a stationary magnetic yoke with a number of permanent magnets placed inside a rotating drum of non-magnetic material.

The magnets have alternating polarity and are normally of strontium-ferrite. The revolving drum is made in two versions:

  • for low speed, stainless steel with a replaceable wear cover of rubber, polyurethane or stainless steel and,
  • for high speed, reinforced plastic with rubber or polyurethane wear protection.

The magnetic drum assembly is contained in a dustproof housing with an opening at the bottom for the discharge of both magnetic and non-magnetic products. These products are separated by means of a splitter placed under the drum inside of the housing. The whole unit can be dust vented by connecting the plant exhaust system to the outlet provided on the housing.

Parts of the housing exposed to wear are normally protected by replaceable rubber or steel wear plates. Inspection of the drum and housing is made through inspection hatches. The housing is easily dismantled for erection and maintenance.

The feed arrangement is dependant upon local conditions. For run-of-mine fines, a belt feeder is recommended. For other materials, a vibrating feeder, (or in the case of dusty material, completely covered drum feeders) can be used. The housing is equipped with a standard replaceable feed chute.

To meet the various requirements the separators are manufactured with two different drum diameters; i.e. 916 and 1200 mm and drum lengths from 300 mm to 3000 mm in. The separator design allows for an easy combination of drums into double- or triple- drum units.

Magnetic Drum Separator
Magnetic Drum Separator

Magnetic drum separator

Magnetic Drum Separator Application

Magnetic drum separators have a wide range of applications. They are used in free-fall chutes or after a vibratory chute for powders (even fine powders), granulates, fibers and coarser product streams (non-sticky). They continuously and fully automatically separate ferromagnetic (Fe) particles, such as iron and steel.

If the material is supplied via a vibratory chute, it is possible to separate weakly magnetic particles, such as particles from machined stainless steel, and even paramagnetic particles. Due to the continuous cleaning, the drum magnet is very suitable for product flows with heavy magnetic particle contamination.

Applications:

  • prevention of ferromagnetic or paramagnetic contamination in your finished product;
  • prevention of avoidable damage to machines (injection-molding machines, extruders, mixers, grinders, and other equipment).
Magnetic Drum Separator
Magnetic Drum Separator

Types of Magnetic drum separator

  • The standard magnetic drum separator is suitable for coarser raw materials in the plastics and ceramics industries.
  • The food/pharma drum magnets have been specifically developed for the food and pharma industries. They have a small capacity yet filter smaller Fe (and even weak magnetic) particles out of a product stream.
  • The LenaStar even filters out paramagnetic particles such as stones, mud, insect excrement, etc. from your dried raw materials (e.g. tea, spices).

Advantages of Magnetic Drum Separator

  • multiple designs, tailor-made to the application
  • high magnetic forces
  • high availability
  • low maintenance cost
  • various applications in recycling and scrap industry

Magnetic separator machine

Magnetic Drum Separator:Classification Schemes of Magnetic Separators

Various classification schemes exist by which magnetic separators can be subdivided into categories. The most illustrative classification is according to the magnitude of the magnetic field and its gradient.

  • Low-intensity magnetic separators (LIMS). They are used primarily for the manipulation of ferromagnetic materials or paramagnetic of high magnetic susceptibility and/or of large particle size. These separators can operate either in dry or wet modes. Suspended magnets, magnetic pulleys, and magnetic drums are examples of these separators.
  • High-intensity magnetic separators. They are used for the treatment of weakly magnetic materials, coarse or fine, in wet or dry modes. Induced magnetic rolls (IMR), permanent magnet rolls and drums, magnetic filters, open-gradient (OGMS) and wet high-intensity magnetic separators (WHIMS) are examples of this class of separators.
  • High-gradient magnetic separators (HGMS). These separators are used to treat very fine, feebly magnetic materials. A superconducting HGMS machine is shown in the next Figure:
Magnetic Drum Separator
Magnetic Drum Separator

Magnetic separation equipment

Magnetic Drum Separator: Magnets are also used in numerous special applications of material handling:

  • Separators with magnetic fluids, in which materials are separated mainly on the basis of their density.
  • Eddy-current separators for separation of nonferrous metals
  • Dense-medium separators, in which a magnet is used to control magnetic heavy medium.
  • Demagnetizing coils and magnetic flocculators.

Magnetic Drum Separator: Selection of Magnetic Separation Technique

As has been shown above, there are numerous types of magnetic separators, each one being suitable for only a limited range of applications. The choice is influenced by a variety of factors, and the successful operation of a separator depends, to a great extent, on practical experience. The particle size and magnetic properties of the material to be treated are the most important variables that determine the selection of the magnetic separation technique and the general guidelines of the process selection based on these properties are shown in Figure.

What is a magnetic drum separator?

What is a magnetic drum separator?

Magnetic drum separators have a wide range of applications. They are used in free-fall chutes or after a vibratory chute for powders (even fine powders), granulates, fibers and coarser product streams (non-sticky). They continuously and fully automatically separate ferromagnetic (Fe) particles, such as iron and steel.

What is the magnetic separation process?

Magnetic separation is a process in which magnetically susceptible material is extracted from a mixture using a magnetic force. This separation technique can be useful in mining iron as it is attracted to a magnet.

What is a magnetic filtration?

Magnetic filtration is the most effective means of removing problem ferrous particles from industrial fluids such as coolants, lubricants and wash solutions. All the benefits of Magnetic filters are based on their ability to remove 100% of ferrous particles including sub-micron particles from the process.

What is magnetic separation method for concentration of ore?

This method of separation is used when either the ore particles or the gangue associated with it possess magnetic properties. For example, chromite Fe(CrO2)2 being magnetic can be separated from the non-magnetic silicious gangue by magnetic separation.

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