Forklift Parts name

Forklift Parts name: Forklifts are designed to last, but like any other machinery, forklift parts are susceptible to wear and tear. To keep your lift trucks running and your employees safe, high-quality forklift parts and accessories are essential.

Forklift Parts
Forklift Parts

Parts of a forklift mast

We are very sure that you have ever seen a forklift or forklift, it is small machinery that serves to move and/or lift heavy loads (from about 1000 to 2500kg) with great ease and most importantly: with great versatility. Next we are going to review the main pieces and how a forklift works.

This guide explains the different forklift components, including the purpose of each and how they operate.

Forklift forks

FORKS: There are two and they are located longitudinally, horizontally and parallel to each other. They will allow us to take the load underneath, generally from the side holes of the pallets.

Forklift carrier

FORKS CARRIER: It is the one that gives the disposition and rigidity to the nails. It has a vertical movement in case you need to define a position to take (or leave) the load somewhere. The carriage is an important part of the mast that is used to lift and stabilize the load. The forks and load backrest are generally considered parts of the carriage:

  • Forks: The forks are the protruding pieces of metal at the bottom of the carriage that is used to lift the load from the bottom. They come in a range of widths, lengths, and sizes to suit different purposes.
  • Load backrest: This is the flat surface along the back of the carriage that helps to support the load. Operators can rest the load against the backrest, and the backrest also prevents the load from sliding back into the operator.

Forklift tires

FORKLIFT TIRES: For greater versatility, the steering rests on the rear wheels; they facilitate the driving and the process of collecting the pallets. Generally, forklift tires are one of the following two types:

  • Cushion tires: These tires are used indoors on smooth, flat surfaces because they have low traction. They are ideal for working environments that require a small turning radius and they are easy to maintain and relatively inexpensive.
  • Pneumatic Tires: These tires are better suited for outdoor environments because they have the traction to handle rough and uneven surfaces. There are pneumatic tires that inflate with air, and pneumatic tires made from solid rubber.

Forklift counterweight

COUNTERWEIGHT: Located in the lower rear part of the unit, we will mark the load limits since trying to load something greater than this weight would result in a frontal rollover of the entire forklift.

Forklift mast

MAST: It is the continuation of the trolley. It has a vertical orientation and is to continue raising or lowering the load.

Forklift cab enclosure

CAB ENCLOSURE: Space where the operator has all the controls of both the motor (to move) and the lifting part. The steering system within a forklift typically uses a hydraulic steering cylinder and turns the rear axel while pivoting on the front tires. The levers that are found in operator cabs typically include:

  • Tilt lever: used to adjust the angle of the forks.
  • Lift lever: used to lift the forks up and down.
  • Side shift lever: used to move the carriage horizontally.
Forklift Parts
Forklift Parts

Forklift motor

Forklifts have two main power sources: an internal combustion engine or in the case of electric forklifts, an electric motor powered by a battery or fuel cells.

Internal combustion forklift

Forklifts with internal combustion engines can run on gasoline, LP gas, CNG, or diesel fuel. These engines are similar to combustion engines in cars, injecting liquid fuel and air into a cylinder with a piston that is powered by a crankshaft.

A spark plug initiates the explosion that pushes the piston down in the cylinder, and the downward energy is converted into mechanical energy to power the forklift. Forklift combustion engines are made up of many internal components, including chains, gears, and bearings that keep it functioning properly.

Electric forklift motor

Whereas internal combustion forklifts are similar to automobiles, electric forklifts are more akin to an incredibly powerful golf cart. These types of forklifts are best suited for indoor use.

  • Pros:
    • Powered by electricity, these forklifts are clean, quiet, and easy to maintain, making them perfect for smaller operations with smaller weight-moving demands.
    • As well, there more compact design allows for a tighter turning radius and is ideal for narrow aisle applications.
  • Cons:
    • Electric engines put out less torque than internal combustion engines, limiting their effectiveness at moving significant amounts of weight.
    • This means they aren’t well suited to industrial environments with greater weight-moving demands.
    • Further, you also must have a designated battery charging area that is dry, ventilated and temperature controlled.
    • The initial costs of having to purchase a battery and charger are also higher.
Forklift Parts
Forklift Parts

Forklift accessories

Forklift attachments are additional attachments that can be installed permanently or temporarily to the carriage. Many of these attachments allow for extra capability or support for large, heavy, or unconventional loads. There are many different types of forklift attachments available including dimensioning devices, side shifters, fork positioners, rotators, pole attachments, clamp attachments, scales, snowplows, drum handlers attachments, and telescopic forks.

Each of the main forklift components described above is important for the function and operation of a forklift fleet. If your forklifts aren’t supplied with quality components and parts, there is a much higher probability of equipment failure.

Forklift Parts
Forklift Parts

Forklift spare parts

Keeping your forklifts running long-term requires a few things: careful operation, proper maintenance and access to high-quality parts and accessories.

Worldwide suppliers offer parts and accessories for forklifts of all brands, quality spare parts for all brands and models, including hard-to-find ones. The most sought after forklift parts include: Linde – Toyota – Jungheinrich – Hyster – Still – Mitsubishi – Nissan – BT – Caterpillar – Komatsu – Kalmar – Clark – TCM – Manitou – Yale – Doosan – Fiat – Steinbock – Crown – Atlet – Heli – Hangcha – Baoli – Tailift.

Forklift makes and models

  • Hyundai forklift parts
  • Manitou forklift parts
  • Helmar forklift parts
  • Ingersoll rand forklift parts
What are the parts of a forklift?

Forklift parts and components:
Forklift Truck Frame
Operator Cab
Power Source
Forklift Mast
Forklift Tires
Forklift Attachments

What are the three major parts of a forklift?

Here is a list of three parts of your forklift which must be maintained properly at all times to bolster safety, efficiency, and productivity:
1. Fluid Levels: Checking the antifreeze prior to use is essential. The same can be said for the gas and hydraulic fluids.
2. Moving Parts: Properly maintaining any forklift begins with optimizing its backbone. Most moving joints, or parts, of the forklift, are greased and lubricated to allow safe and fluid operation.
3. Gauges and Dashboard Panel: Warning indicators are absolutely important and must be utilized to their full capability. The various gauges and lights located on the instrument panel of the forklift give an indication when a part or component is malfunctioning.

Forklift Parts
Forklift Parts

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Forklift Mast Types

Also referred to as an ‘Upright’, the mast is the vertical assembly on the front of the forklift that does the work of raising, lowering, and tilting the load. Most masts are ‘three-stage’ meaning there are three channels on each side. The channels are similar in appearance to I-Beams.

Types of forklift tires

Overall, there are three basic types of forklift tires: cushion, pneumatic air, and solid pneumatic. Since each type of forklift tire is designed for specific usages and applications, there is a direct correlation between tire type and the overall design and dimensions of a forklift.

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Forklift Weight

Forklift Weight: How much does your forklift weigh? It’s important to know the weight of your forklift when transporting it, driving it on trailers, moving it in an elevator, or using it in multi-story buildings. You don’t want your forklift to drop through the floor, causing thousands of dollars of damage and injuring workers!

forklift weight
forklift weight

Forklift weight capacity

Weight, Size, and Position: Forklift Weight

The load weight, weight distribution, size, shape, and position are key factors affecting the stability of the forklift.

Forklifts are designed to carry a capacity load at a standard load center, commonly 24 inches.

This means that the forklift’s capacity was determined as if the load were a cube whose weight is evenly distributed (i.e., whose center of gravity is exactly in the center of the cube) and which is resting on a standard pallet having dimensions of 48 inches by 48 inches.

With such a load, the horizontal distance from the center of the load to the vertical part of the forks would be 24 inches.

Of course, most loads are not perfectly shaped cubes having their center of gravity exactly in the middle of the cube. To the extent that the load differs from this theoretical load — such as if it is irregularly shaped, has unbalanced weight distribution, or is not centered on the forks — the capacity may be reduced.

Forklift Weight
Forklift Weight

Forklift weight calculation

The service weight of a forklift is different than its lift capacity. Service weight refers to the actual weight of the forklift, including its battery and any attachments it has.

The best place to find the service weight of a forklift is on the forklift’s data tag. Alternatively, you can search forklift manufacturer websites for product specification pages, but the truck’s data tag is typically preferred over this option.

In addition, an industry rule of thumb is that the service weight of the forklift will generally be 1.5 to 2 times the lifting capacity of the forklift.

For example, if your forklift can lift 5,000 pounds, generally the weight of the forklift will be somewhere between 7,500 and 10,000 pounds. But remember, this is simply a rough standard, and manufacturer information or the forklift’s data tag should always be emphasized.

Forklift Weight
Forklift Weight

Forklift load capacity

Field Calculation of Safe Load Capacity

Assume a situation where a forklift truck that has a 5,000-pound capacity at a 24-inch load center needs to handle a load whose center is 28 inches from the front face of the forks in the horizontal direction. The first thing to recognize is that the actual load center distance of 28 inches exceeds the standard load center distance of 24 inches on which the 5000-pound capacity is based, so the safe load capacity is actually less than 5000 pounds.

Forklift load center

Shifting Center of Gravity: Forklift load center

All objects have a specific center of gravity. Gravity is a force that always pulls objects toward the earth’s core. Center of gravity means the point on an object at which all of the object’s weight is concentrated and all of the parts balance each other.

For symmetrical loads, the center of gravity is in the middle of the load in terms of the load’s length, width and height. Since the capacity of the forklift is based on the assumption of a cube having the center of gravity in the middle, the shape and position of the actual load are key factors when determining whether a load can be carried safely.

When a load is placed on a forklift, the key concept is the combined center of gravity of the forklift and the load.

For example, a typical unloaded forklift weighing 4000 pounds may have its center of gravity about 10 inches (25.4 cm) above and two feet (0.6 m) behind the front axle, about halfway up the truck body.

Forklift Weight
Forklift Weight

Forklift counterweight

The heavy counterweight located toward the rear of the forklift places the center of gravity toward the rear, which keeps the forklift from tipping forward. In the meantime, a 4,000-pound load consisting of a cube with even weight distribution has a CG in its center.

When the load is placed on the forklift, the combined center of gravity of the forklift and the load will move forward, but the forklift will not tip over so long as the weight of the load is centered and does not exceed the capacity stated on the data plate.

But if the load is too heavy, or if it is placed at the end of the forks so that the load center distance is increased, the excessive load moment will cause the forklift to tip forward. Remember, when the forklift engages a load, the combined center of gravity of both the load and the truck system shift forward from the center of gravity of the unloaded forklift.

Forklift Weight
Forklift Weight

How much does the average forklift weigh?

How much does the average forklift weigh?

The average automobile weighs approximately 3,000 lbs and the average forklift weighs close to 9,000 lbs. Also, forklifts are heavier in the rear to counter the weight of items being carried in the forks.

What information is on a forklift data plate?

Forklifts are equipped with a nameplate, also called the data plate or forklift capacity plate. The data plate includes vital information about the forklift, such as its fuel type, weight, and forklift load capacity.

What does the nameplate on a forklift tell you?

The nameplate provides important information for the forklift operator, including the fuel type, forklift weight, and capacity. Operators should read the nameplate to know the forklift’s capabilities and limitations.

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Forklift Classification chart

To choose a forklift from all the different types, you’ll need to think about how the machinery will be used. Here are general criteria to reference when choosing a forklift to make sure your selected equipment performs efficiently and safely.

Forklift Capacity Calculator

The capacity factor is important in your selection regardless of whether you are buying the truck with the attachment or are adding the attachment to a truck yourself.

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Straight Mast Forklift

Straight Mast Forklift: Don’t see the specific model you need? Straight mast forklifts are the upright vertical assembly on the front of the machine, raising and lowering the load. All forklifts of this nature work through hydraulic displacement for lifting, and gravity for lowering, but there are different mast types with various benefits.

Straight Mast Forklift
Straight Mast Forklift

Rough terrain straight mast forklift

A rough terrain forklift is considered a Class 7 forklift according to OSHA classifications. These rugged machines are designed to be driven over uneven and rocky surfaces, while still transporting a heavy load. Due to size, tires, and weight capacity, a rough terrain lift is primarily used outdoors.

Rough terrain forklifts (RTFLs) are a reliable, versatile and easy-to-use solution. Perfect for virtually any rehandling environment from docks to yards, special events, timber forestry, construction sites, farms, and builders’ merchants, the RTFLs is designed for high mobility and superb productivity in rough terrain areas.

The Rough terrain forklifts have a range of operating weights, lift capacities and dimensions to suit, and they’re all powered by a world-renowned efficient engine.

Straight Mast Forklift
Straight Mast Forklift

Swing mast forklift

Maximize storage space with articulated or swing mast forklifts. The innovative design allows these lift trucks to do the work of a standard reach truck in aisles up to 40 inches smaller. These specialty forklifts are ideal for any application, both indoors or outdoors, where space to maneuver is limited.

Articulated & swing mast forklifts can help you get the most out of your warehouse storage space, but there are other ways to optimize your warehouse design to ensure optimal efficiency. Analyze your warehouse layout to help you optimize pick processes, reduces manpower costs, and increase profits.

straight mast forklift
Swing mast forklift

Low mast forklift

With a wide range of mast models available, how do you make the right choice? Before choosing a mast it’s best to take height restrictions into consideration:

How do you calculate the load capacity of a forklift?

How high do you need to lift? Locate and measure your highest shelf to understand lift requirements and then add another 150-200 mm to your measurement. The extra space allows a truck operator additional clearance to lift above the rack and avoid dragging the product as it’s loaded or unloaded.

How to read forklift load capacity chart?

Each load plate is going to differ a little depending on the forklift.
Basic Information: Brand, Model, Serial Number, Forklift Type
Parts & Components Information: Mast Type, Front Tire Tread, Tire Sizes, Tire Type
Weight & Load Information: Truck Weight, Battery Weight, Attachments Included In Weight Calculation, Back Tilt, Forward Tilt, Load capacity, Maximum Lift height, Load center distances, Down rating of lift capacity (if the mast is fitted), Down rating for attachments (as specified on the capacity plate)

How low must your lowered mast be?

Some applications call for entering and exiting doorways. Perform a walk-through of your building and measure doorway heights to learn your lowered height requirement. If your application also requires operation on lorries, you need to take the lorry measurements into consideration too.

If you load product onto lorries, do you double-stack?

When working in a confined space the feature called free lift should be considered. The free lift function enables the forks to be lifted to a certain height with the mast at collapsed height.

Short mast forklift

Short mast forklift or warehouse forklift: Some of the most popular warehouse forklift models include the Hyster 36-38T, Komatsu 20 BX50 Hyster, and the Toyota 3-Wheel Electric Forklift. Most industrial forklifts can lift 5,000 lbs of weight, but some heavy-duty models are capable of elevating up to 25,000 lbs.

Straight mast forklift types

Straight Mast Forklifts are ideal for lifting, carrying and placing palletized materials and bulk items on any type of terrain. One of the many ways to keep productivity high in your operation is having the right truck suited to your specific application and environment. The type of mast for your truck can already make a difference. Here are all models you can choose from:

Standard forklift

Single Stage – A single-stage mast has only one channel, and therefore a limited lifting height. Single-stage masts have zero free lift and are best for outdoor applications or environments where overhead clearance is not an issue.

2 stage mast forklift

2-Stage – A two-stage mast, also known as a duplex, has two sections. The outer stage does not move and gives the option for a free lift. The inner mast section raises up to elevate the carriage and forks. A two-stage mast offers great visibility and is ideal for moving loads in trailers.

3 stage mast forklift

3-Stage – A three-stage mast, or triplex, is the most versatile forklift mast and also the most popular. The outer rails allow for free lift, and the two inner sections can lift loads higher than a two-stage. This mast type is a good choice for general warehouse applications.

4 stage mast forklift

4-Stage – A quad or four-stage mast is designed for very high stacking. Quad masts allow for a shorter collapsed height when compared to a three-stage with equivalent MFH (maximum fork height).

Straight Mast Forklift
Straight Mast Forklift

More on this story

Forklift Classification chart

To choose a forklift from all the different types, you’ll need to think about how the machinery will be used. Here are general criteria to reference when choosing a forklift to make sure your selected equipment performs efficiently and safely.

Forklift Blue lights

36% of serious forklift-related injuries involve someone other than the driver. That is where the vehicle approach warning light helps prevent dangerous collisions.

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Forklift Fork dimensions

Forklift Fork dimensions: Forklift forks, also known as tines or blades, are used to lift and carry loads. They are an integral part of the forklift and ensuring you are using the correct ones and that they are in good condition is essential to both the safety of personnel, but also the forklift and the load.

Forklift Fork dimensions
Forklift Fork dimensions

Forklift fork dimensions and specifications

  • Forklift blades: Horizontal part of the fork which lifts and supports the load
  • Tip: End of the blade that is inserted to the load
  • Shank: The vertical part of the fork
  • Heel: Part of the fork where the shank and blade meet
  • Hook: The hooks are the elements on the shank that support the forks on the forklift.
  • Pin lock (or locking pin, latch pin). Positioned on the top hook and used to position the forks on the forklift carriage. The forklift fork pin can be a latch or button (mushroom) type.
  • Taper: The difference in thickness between the tip and the heel. Tapers can begin at the heel or anywhere along the blade.

Production standards for all forks are based on common key- features:
Innovative and highly automated production process.

  • Prime quality steel offering good welding characteristics and strong resistance to wear.
  • Automated welding of upper and lower hooks with a robotic system, granting the better quality of the welding, quality repeatability, and higher process speed.
  • Complete heat treatment with hardening and tempering on the entire fork, providing the best quality and reliability characteristics.
Forklift Fork dimensions
Forklift Fork dimensions

Standard forklift dimensions

  • General: Fork correct dimensioning and conditions are essential for safe, cost-effective and damage-free pallet handling operations. Therefore, a regular fork inspection system should be put in place to ensure perfect operating conditions. Inspections, repairs or replacements shall be carried out as a pair.
  • Height difference in fork tips: Check a pair of forks mounted on the fork carrier to detect a difference in tip heights. If the difference in tip heights exceeds 3% of the blade length, the pair of forks shall be withdrawn from service.
  • Wear: Forks must be checked regularly to ensure the heel thickness is not less than 10% of the original thickness as per ISO 5057. If the fork thickness is less that 10%, the fork must be replaced or rerated.
Forklift Fork dimensions
Forklift Fork dimensions

Forklift fork inspection

  • Inspections: Forks in use shall be inspected at intervals of 12 months or less depending on the possible severe application, multi-shift operation and fork conditions. Regular inspections should be carried out by trained personnel. In case of detected damage, failures, deformations, etc. forks shall be withdrawn from service and not be returned to service unless satisfactorily repaired or rerated.
  • Cracks: Check visually inner heel and top and bottom hook areas to detect possible cracks. Apply non-destructive crack detection tests if necessary. If surface cracks are detected, forks should be withdrawn from service.
  • Straightness: Check the straightness of the upper face of the blade and the front face of the shank. If the deviation exceeds 0,5% of blade length or shank height, fork shall be withdrawn from service.
  • Angle: Check the fork upper face of the blade to load the face of the shank. If the fork has a deviation greater than 3 degrees from original specifications, fork shall be withdrawn from service
  • Locking devices: Check the fork positioning locking to ensure their normal operation and wear conditions. If any fault is found, fork shall be withdrawn from service.
  • Marking: Forks shall be marked with the nominal capacity and load center according to ISO 2330. If marking is not clearly legible, fork shall be withdrawn from service.
  • Hooks: Check the fork hooks for possible wear, damage and cracks. If the clearance between fork and fork carrier is visually excessive, forks shall be withdrawn from service.
Forklift Fork dimensions
Forklift Fork dimensions

Replacement forklift forks

Repairs and tests: Repairs should be decided or carried out by authorized, expert personnel only, in accordance with recommendations of fork manufacturer. Do not repair surface cracks or wear them by welding. In case of repairs requiring fork re-setting, forks should be subjected to an appropriate heat-treatment. Fork subjected to repairs different from repairs or replacements of the positioning lock and/or marking can only return to service after having passed a yield test as described in ISO 2330.

Forklift Fork dimensions
Forklift Fork dimensions

Forklift pre shift inspection

The best way to inspect forks is to use a fork caliper.

  • Determine the nominal thickness of “N” of the fork. Measurement has to be done on the fork shank using the caliper ruler.
  • Position the caliper at the end of the heel internal radius with the opening corresponding to the nominal dimension “N” (eg. for N 45 use 45 mm thickness), where the wear is higher.
  • If the fork enters the opening, it is mandatory to replace it. DANGER OF BREAKING. Furthermore, a 10% reduction in fork blade thickness results in a 20% reduction in operating capacity

Types of forklift forks

Following is a list of some of the special types of forklift forks, used for specific applications.

  • Pin Type & Bar Type: the forks have a guide and are attached to a shaft. Found on larger lift trucks and construction machines such as some telehandlers. Pin-Types can come with a lower hook
  • Drum handling forks: these forks have a section cut out of the side of the forks to enable a drum to be lifted
  • Coil handling forks: the inside edge of the forks are “chamfered” to provide a surface for the coil to sit on.
  • Explosion-proof: if the forklift is to be used in explosive environments then the forks are clad in stainless steel to prevent sparking. The stainless steel coating is typically 2mm thick
  • Forks for the food production industry: forklifts that are used in the food industry are typically clad in stainless steel as they are regularly washed down to maintain cleanliness.
  • Lumber forks: have a thin and wide blade for ease when inserting into loads

Lifting equipment

The lifting equipment on forklift trucks machines is characterized by robust and high-quality design and numerous options combined with excellent visibility. Forklift trucks can offer many different types of masts all of the clear view design. In combination with forks and/or attachments, it can provide the handling solution to meet your needs.

For even better handling, there are also a number of intelligent functions for forklift machines:

  • Pre-selected lifting height – the operator can simply find the right lifting height by means of 15 pre-selected lifting heights.
  • No chain slack – the chains are kept tensioned at all times, eliminating undesired movements of the forks or the attachment.
  • Vertical hold– the automatic tilt device ensures that the load is taken up and put down vertically to the loading surface.

Forklift Masts Types:

What type of steel is used for forklift forks?

What type of steel is used for forklift forks?

They are made of different types of steel. Sometimes HSLA A572-50 (high strength low alloyed) steel, 1045-1060 heat-treated material, T1 heat-treated steel, and others.

What are the forklift forks used for?

The forks on a forklift are used to make direct contact with a load for transport. They are attached to the forklift carriage and are designed to carry a load from the bottom. Forklift forks come in all shapes and sizes. There is a wide variety of fork types available for various applications.

What is a quad mast forklift?

4-Stage – A quad or four-stage mast is designed for very high stacking. Quad masts allow for a shorter collapsed height when compared to a three-stage with equivalent MFH (maximum fork height).

What are the Forklift dimensions?
What size forklift should I get for my warehouse?

It is often a question asked by business owners and operation managers. Forklift Dimensions can be tricky and unique to every application. Virtually every forklift dimension could potentially impact an operation, and create a safety hazard if not specified correctly and carefully.

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Forklift Safety Procedures

Forklifts are extremely useful workplace vehicles, as long as they are used safely and appropriately by operators who are appropriately trained and competent to use them.

Forklift Classification chart

To choose a forklift from all the different types, you’ll need to think about how the machinery will be used. Here are general criteria to reference when choosing a forklift to make sure your selected equipment performs efficiently and safely.

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Forklift Classification Chart

Forklift Classification Chart: Forklifts are one of the most powerful vehicles for builders. Whether you need to move heavy loads in a warehouse or construction field, forklifts can safely lift objects humans cannot, making them indispensable on any job site.

Since there is a wide selection of styles and models, it can be difficult to select a forklift. Whether you’re looking to rent a forklift for your next project or purchase one, our guide covers the different forklift types, the benefits of each equipment, and popular forklift models to help choose the right forklift for your needs.

Forklift Classification Chart
Forklift Classification Chart

Forklift classifications

What are the different Forklift types?

Productivity and efficiency can be increased in the workplace if one chooses the correct equipment for his or her needs. Today, warehouse operators and fleet managers have a wide array of material handling equipment to choose from. Some of the popular options include aerial lifts, electric forklifts, LPG forklifts, pallet jacks, side loaders, and even automated guided vehicles (or AGVs). (Forklift Classification Chart)

Forklift Classification Chart
Forklift Classification Chart

If you are looking to get new equipment to accomplish key tasks more efficiently, it is recommended that you familiarize yourself with the forklift classifications set by OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration). Below is a detailed look at forklift classifications Classes I through VII, including their key features and benefits:

  • Class I: Electric motor rider trucks
  • Class II: Electric motor narrow aisle trucks
  • Class III: Electric pallet jack
  • Class IV: Cushion tire forklift
  • Class V: Solid pneumatic tires
  • Class VI: Electric forklift truck
  • Class VII: Rough Terrain Forklifts

Electric motor rider trucks

Class I Forklift Classification Chart are electric motor riders. These electric-powered forklifts are ideal for loading and unloading tractor-trailers, handling pallets, and a number of other applications in industries ranging from food storage and retail to factory and general warehousing.

Because they are powered by an electric battery, Class I forklifts are much quieter and create no emissions, making them a popular choice for indoor applications. Batteries on Class I forklifts also function as part of the counterweight to help maintain lifting capacity.

Forklift Classification Chart
Forklift Classification Chart

Electric motor narrow aisle trucks

Class II Forklift Classification Chart is electric, narrow aisle models. As the name suggests, Class II forklifts are designed with maneuverability that allows them to operate in tight spaces and narrow aisles. This class of forklifts is perfect for picking and putting away inventory, and these trucks provide users the ability to increase racking space without expanding their current warehouse.

Toyota offers two Class II forklift models, and you can explore the unique features of each by clicking on the model name from the list below.

Forklift Classification Chart
Forklift Classification Chart

Electric pallet jack

Class III Forklift Classification Chart equipment includes electric pallet jacks, stackers, and tow tractors. This class of equipment comes in both rider and walk behind (“walkie”) models, perfect for unloading deliveries and moving loads to a staging area where they can be handled by other types of forklifts.

Toyota offers 10 Class III models, including three different stackers that are ideal for food and beverage storage industries, among others. Click on each forklift model below to learn more.

Forklift Classification Chart
Forklift Classification Chart

Cushion tire forklift

Class IV Forklift Classification Chart are internal combustion engine cushion tire trucks. This class of sit-down forklifts is designed for indoor use. Class IV forklifts are powered by internal combustion (IC) engines that run on diesel fuel, LP gas, gasoline, or compressed natural gas. Their solid, cushioned tires provide a smooth ride on indoor surfaces and they’re puncture-proof since they are not air-filled.

These forklifts offer users outstanding versatility for warehousing, distribution, retail, and automotive applications.

Forklift Classification Chart
Forklift Classification Chart

Solid pneumatic tires

Class V Forklift Classification Chart are internal combustion engine pneumatic tire trucks. Forklifts in this class are similar to those in Class IV but are designed primarily for outdoor use. These forklifts are highly durable and are ideal for lumberyards, construction sites, and other outdoor applications.

Forklift Classification Chart
Forklift Classification Chart

Electric forklift truck

Class VI Forklift Classification Chart equipment includes electric and internal combustion engine tow tractors. These machines are most commonly used for towing loads rather than lifting. Trucks in this class are ideal for use at airports but are also commonly used in assembly line areas.

Forklift Classification Chart
Forklift Classification Chart

Rough Terrain Forklifts

Class VII forklifts are rough terrain trucks. Trucks in this class feature large, tractor-style tires and are powered almost exclusively by diesel engines for outdoor use in rugged terrain. Class VII trucks are most commonly used at lumberyards or construction sites to lift building materials to elevated work sites.

Forklift Classification Chart
Forklift Classification Chart

Forklift Classification Chart

How to Choose A Forklift: Forklift Classification Chart

To choose a forklift from all the different types, you’ll need to think about how the machinery will be used. Here are general criteria to reference when choosing a forklift to make sure your selected equipment performs efficiently and safely:

  • Determine the capacity. How much weight do you need to lift?
  • Calculate the weight of your job site. Can the ground sustain the forklift?
  • Measure the height of the space. Can your forklift pass through openings?
  • Select the correct fuel type. Do you need battery power or gas?
  • Analyze the terrain. Is the surface smooth or uneven?

Forklift types vary in several aspects, from their fuel type and tire composition to their lift capacity and height. It’s important to consider these different factors when selecting a forklift. With their ability to lift and transport things of various sizes, forklifts are valuable players on any job site.

Hoisting and Rigging

Forklift Classification Chart

Hoisting and rigging (H&R) refers to the lifting and moving of loads using mechanical devices. The objectives of the hoisting and rigging program are to protect personnel from injury, the environment from harm, and equipment and property from damage; specifically, to protect load operators and others in the work area, scientific equipment, other government property, and the hoisting and rigging equipment itself.

Hoisting and rigging is a complicated topic and can have significant safety consequences if not performed correctly. Fundamental to the H&R program, and consistent with Your Company’s integrated safety and environment management system, is the expectation that organizations involved in hoisting and rigging activities take responsibility to understand the hoisting and rigging requirements and apply them to their operations.

Forklift classification types

What are the different types of forklifts?

The most popular forklift types on the market today are:
-Warehouse Forklift.
-Side Loader.
-Counterbalance Forklift.
-Industrial Forklift.
-Rough Terrain Forklift.
-Pallet Jack.
-Walkie Stacker.

What is the most common type of forklift?

Stand-up Reach forklifts are the most common variety and are mostly used when dispatching single loads into one bay. Alternatively, you can use a double-deep reach forklift, whose longer forks allow you to access bays with multiple pallet loads, as they will reach all the way to the back of the bay.

What are forklifts used for?

A forklift (also called lift truck, jitney, fork truck, fork hoist, and forklift truck) is a powered industrial truck used to lift and move materials over short distances.

What kind of fuel do forklifts use?

Internal combustion engine used in a forklift. Forklifts powered by internal combustion engines run on a variety of fuels, including gasoline, diesel fuel, liquid petroleum gas (LPG), and compressed natural gas.

More on this story

Forklift Capacity Calculator

The capacity factor is important in your selection regardless of whether you are buying the truck with the attachment or are adding the attachment to a truck yourself.

Forklift Safety Procedures

Forklifts are extremely useful workplace vehicles, as long as they are used safely and appropriately by operators who are appropriately trained and competent to use them.

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