Forklift Components – Parts of a Forklift: Forklift is a small industrial vehicle, having a power operated forked platform attached at the front that can be raised and lowered for insertion under a cargo to lift or move it. Forklifts serve the needs of various industries including warehouses and other large storage facilities.
Locating the common parts of a forklift is vital to make certain that your operators are reliably using equipment as intended in a safe manner. The following list of forklift terminology will help to ensure all associates are prepared to use the equipment effectively and identify the forklift parts that require the attention of a maintenance technician.
- 1 Forklift parts name
- 2 Forklift parts and functions
- 3 Forklift components
- 4 Components and parts of forklift
- 5 Forklift Brands
- 6 Forklift Safety Procedures
Forklift parts name
Forklifts are powered by electric battery or combustion engines. Some Forklifts allow the operators to sit while driving and operating the machine while others require the operator to stand. It is being extensively used throughout the industry for transporting materials and goods.
If you could list the most essential forklift components, what would they be? Every part of a forklift is “important” in some way, but which ones really stand out? Certain forklift parts and functions are designed to maintain the safety of the equipment and to help prevent malfunctions that can lead to severe accidents.
- main lift cylinder
- load backrest
Forklift parts and functions
Tires: There are many types of tires available, both for indoor and outdoor use*, but not all tires are made the same. It is important to consult with a tire expert who can make sure that the correct rubber compound and traction pattern are used. Then you must check to make sure you are not being sold recycled tires or cheaper versions made overseas.
Truck Frame: is the base of the machine to which the mast, axles, wheels, counterweight, overhead guard and power source are attached. The frame may have fuel and hydraulic fluid tanks constructed as part of the frame assembly.
Counterweight – is a mass attached to the rear of the forklift truck frame. The purpose of the counterweight is to counterbalance the load being lifted. In an electric forklift, the large lead-acid battery itself may serve as part of the counterweight.
Forklift overhead guard
Overhead Guard: is a metal roof supported by posts at each corner of the cab that helps protect the operator from any falling objects. On some forklifts, the overhead guard is an integrated part of the frame assembly.
Forklift main lift cylinder
Tilt cylinders: are hydraulic cylinders that are mounted to the truck frame and the mast. The tilt cylinders pivot the mast backward or forward to assist in engaging a load.
Cab: is the area that contains a seat for the operator along with the control pedals, steering wheel, levers, switches and a dashboard containing operator readouts. The cab area may be open-air or enclosed but it is covered by the cage-like overhead guard assembly. When enclosed, the cab may also be equipped with a cab heater for cold climate countries along with a fan or air conditioning for hot weather.
Mast: is the vertical assembly that does the work of raising and lowering the load. It is made up of interlocking rails that also provide lateral stability. The interlocking rails may either have rollers or bushings as guides.
The mast is driven hydraulically, and operated by one or more hydraulic cylinders directly or using chains from the cylinder/s. It may be mounted to the front axle or the frame of the forklift. A ‘container mast’ variation allows the forks to raise a few meters without increasing the total height of the forklift. This is useful when double-loading pallets into a container or under a mezzanine floor.
Each part and component on a counterbalanced forklift is designed to perform a specific job and the safe operation of a forklift includes the operator understanding its moving parts, capabilities, and limitations.
Carriage: is the component to which the forks or other attachments mount. It is mounted into and moves up and down the mast rails by means of chains or by being directly attached to the hydraulic cylinder. Like the mast, the carriage may have either rollers or bushings to guide it in the interlocking mast rails.
Forklift load backrest
Load Back Rest: is a rack-like extension that is either bolted or welded to the carriage in order to prevent the load from shifting backward when the carriage is lifted to full height.
Attachments: may consists of a mechanism which is attached to the carriage, either permanently or temporarily, to help in the proper engagement of the load. A variety of material handling attachments are available. Some attachments include side shifters, slip sheet attachments, carton clamps, multipurpose clamps, rotators, fork positioners, carpet poles, pole handlers, container handlers and roll clamps.
The forks are long extensions (like arms) that are attached to the carriage. They are used to support the load from the bottom. They come in a variety of widths and adjust from right to left on the carriage.
Forklift Power Source
Power Source: may consist of an internal combustion engine that can be powered by LP gas, CNG gas, gasoline or diesel fuel. Electric forklifts are powered by either a battery or fuel cells that provide power to the electric motors. The electric motors used on a forklift may be either DC or AC types.
Components and parts of forklift
The three major parts of a lift truck are the body (truck), overhead guard, and hydraulic lift.
Forks, Also known as the tynes, the forks on a forklift are used to make direct contact with a load for transport. They are attached to the forklift carriage and are designed to carry a load from the bottom.
The technological advances in the forklift have made the forklift truck one of the most vital components of today’s speedy material handling industry. The welding robots used to assemble these forklift trucks are top-notch and produce an incredibly sound structure. First, the body is constructed from steel and painted.
Also referred to as an ‘Upright’, the mast is the vertical assembly on the front of the forklift that does the work of raising, lowering, and tilting the load. Most masts are ‘three stages’ meaning there are three channels on each side.
The average automobile weighs approximately 3,000 lbs and the average forklift weighs close to 9,000 lbs. Also, forklifts are heavier in the rear to counter the weight of items being carried in the forks.
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Forklifts are extremely useful workplace vehicles, as long as they are used safely and appropriately by operators who are appropriately trained and competent to use them. Learn about the rules for driving forklifts.