Construction Equipment Hauling: What kind of trailer should I use? Safety is the most important element in transporting construction equipment. To make sure the equipment and the driver are safe, you want to be sure you use the best trailer for the job. The capacity of the trailer is the first thing to consider, followed by state regulations and laws. Construction equipment hauling companies use the following types of trailers:
- Flatbed Trailers
- Removable Gooseneck Trailers
- Double Drop Trailers
- Specialized trailers
- Lowboy Trailers
- Step Deck Trailers
- Hotshot Trailers
- Extendable Trailers
- 1 Types of heavy haul trailers
- 2 Dump Trucks
- 3 Heavy Equipment Trailer Rental
- 4 Heavy equipment hauling companies
- 5 Construction Equipment Hauling
- 6 Heavy Equipment Transport
- 7 Heavy Equipment Movers
Types of heavy haul trailers
The most common hauling equipment used for Army construction work are the 5- and 20-ton dump trucks, both of which are organic to most engineer units. Equipment trailers are used to transport heavy construction equipment not designed for cross-country travel. They are also used to haul long, oversize items and packaged items.
The 5-ton family of medium tactical vehicles and the 20-ton dump trucks can be used for a variety of purposes. This manual, however, discusses dump trucks used primarily for hauling, dumping, and spreading earth, rock, or processed aggregates.
The capacity of hauling equipment is expressed in one of three ways:
Gravimetrically by the weight of the load it will carry (in tons), by its struck rear-dump body volume (in cubic yards), or by its heaped rear-dump body capacity (in cubic yards). The hauling capacity of Army dump trucks is normally expressed gravimetrically: 5-ton and 20-ton. Conversely, the capacity of loading equipment is normally expressed in cubic yards. The unit weight of the various materials to be transported may vary from as little as 1,700 pounds per LCY for dry clay, to 3,500 pounds per LCY for trap rock. Always make sure that the volumetric load does not exceed the gravimetric capacity of the truck.
For maximum efficiency, fill trucks as close to their rated hauling capacity as practical. Adjust the load size if haul roads are in poor condition or if the trucks must traverse steep grades. Overloading will cause higher fuel consumption, reduced tire life, and increased mechanical failures.
Use spotting markers when trucks are hauling from a hopper, a grizzly ramp, or a stockpile. Spotting markers are also beneficial when excavators (such as a dragline, a clamshell, a loader, a backhoe, or a hoe) are used to load hauling equipment. They facilitate prompt and accurate vehicle spotting which improves loading efficiency.
Spot trucks as close to the bank as possible when loading with an excavator. Ensure that the trucks are within the working radius of the dragline, the clamshell, or the hoe bucket. When using a loader, position the truck and loader so that the two machines form a V. This arrangement will reduce the loader cycle time.
Maintaining Proper Speed
10-6. Haul at the highest safe speed and in the proper gear, without speeding. Speeding is unsafe and hard on equipment. When several trucks are hauling, it is essential to maintain the proper speed to prevent hauling delays or bottlenecks at the loading and dumping sites. Use separate haul roads to and from the dumpsite, if possible. Keep haul roads well maintained, with a minimum grade. Use one-way traffic patterns to increase efficiency.
Always use spotters to control dumping operations. When dumping material that requires spreading, move the truck forward slowly while dumping the load. This makes spreading easier. Establish alternative dumping locations to maintain truck spacing when poor footing or difficult spotting slow the dumping operation.
Keep truck bodies clean and in good condition. Accumulations of rust, dirt, dried concrete, or bituminous materials hamper production. Consider the time spent cleaning and oiling dump bodies, particularly for asphalt or concrete hauling, when computing transportation requirements.
- Clean truck bodies thoroughly at the end of the day. When used to haul wet concrete mix, spray the dump beds with water before loading and clean them thoroughly as soon as practical after dumping.
- Coat the walls and sides of truck bodies with diesel fuel or oil to prevent bituminous materials (plant-mix asphalt) from sticking
Heavy Equipment Trailer Rental
Use equipment trailers to transport heavy construction equipment such as cranes, dozers, or any equipment not designed for long-distance movement by their own power. Also use the trailers to haul long items such as pipes or lumber, or packaged items such as landing mats or bagged cement.
- For maximum efficiency, load trailers as close as possible to their rated loading capacity. When loading, always station a spotter on the trailer to direct the equipment operator and to keep the machine centered on the ramps and trailer.
- With rear-loading trailers, use low banks or built-up earth ramps where possible. Some trailers carry loading ramps for loading from level ground. When using loading ramps to load a dozer, run the machine slowly up the ramps (with the blade raised) and as the balance point is reached, reduce speed or stop, then lower the blade and allow the front of the tracks to settle gently onto the trailer bed. Then move the dozer slowly ahead onto the trailer. Some low-bed trailers are designed for front-end loading.
- In areas that restrict rear loading, load the trailer from the side. Take care not to damage the trailer bed.
NOTE: Refer to the unit’s SOP or to the appropriate technical manual for proper techniques for loading and securing equipment.
Positioning and Securing
After positioning the equipment on the trailer bed, block and chock it and chain it to the trailer. Properly distribute the weight of large equipment on the trailer. Trailers have their load-weight centering position marked.
Unload heavy equipment slowly to prevent damage to the trailer or the equipment. Always use ramps to load and unload.
Heavy equipment hauling companies
Preparing for heavy haul transport:
To be ready at pickup, speak to your transporter beforehand and make sure they have all the necessary permits for transport. Also, ask them how you can help prepare your equipment for transport.
They will give you tips based on their experience and your specified shipment. For example, your transporter may advise you to bubble wrap fragile levers within the cab of a tractor or secure the doors of a crane shut with zip-ties. Talk with your provider ahead of time to work out any necessary permits.
There are a few steps you can take to prepare your equipment for shipping:
- Check the Manual: The manufacturer’s manual is the first step to getting your machinery ready. You may have the manual yourself, or you can look it up on the manufacturer’s website. This manual may advise you to take certain measures, such as disconnecting batteries, emptying engine fluids, or securing loose parts.
- Obtain the Necessary Permits: The FMCSA has specific guidelines for securing and transporting heavy equipment. Oversized and overweight loads will require special permits to be transported on the road. Remember that large equipment loaded on a trailer may be too tall to go under power lines and bridges, or travel certain roads. You should work with the transporter before the pickup date to secure these permits, preventing delays or legal complications.
- Cover Vulnerable Parts: Remember that your equipment will be probably hauled in the open air, and will, therefore, be exposed to the elements. Cover any parts that will be vulnerable to rain and wind. In the winter months, prepare against damage to the tanks and lines due to cold and freezing temperatures. You may also need to protect equipment against heat. Referencing the owner’s manual should provide guidance on protection.
- Be Prepared for Pickup and Drop-off: You will need an open area at the pickup and drop-off points to load and unload your equipment. There may also be added equipment necessary for loading and unloading, such as loading docks, ramps, or cranes.
Construction Equipment Hauling
The cost to transport heavy equipment varies greatly based on the equipment being transported. The cost to ship heavy equipment longer distances, over 500 miles, averages $1.75 per mile, while shorter distance shipments average $5.00 per mile
There are several different types of hauling equipment that can be used for building and construction. Some of the most typical types include cranes, bulldozers, forklifts, dump trucks, and excavators, as well as many others.
Heavy haulers pay can average $80,000 or more in 2018. They earn their pay in extra responsibility and work. You usually can’t go into hauling heavy equipment right out of trucking school.
In the U.S. a superload is a truck tractor with an attached trailer that has an over dimensional or overweight object (the load) on it that exceeds the ordinary permit limits commonly associated with oversize or overweight loads.
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Unlike shipping standard freight, heavy equipment transport requires special handling, oversize load permits, and special freight carriers.
If you’re looking at moving some heavy equipment or machinery, it’s important to work with a skilled professional who’s capable of taking that job on, as it requires a lot of knowledge and skill to get the task done safely.